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The Modern World

The Modern World

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The Modern World

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  1. The Modern World Standard 10.10 and 10.11

  2. Your world after high school

  3. Reaction to Did You Know Get out a piece of lined paper. Divide the page into two parts. In the top part please write your reaction to the video clip “Did you Know?”

  4. Your world after high school

  5. 10.10 and 10.11 The Modern World 10.10 Students analyze instances of NATION-BUILDING in the contemporary world in at least two of the following regions or countries: the MIDDLE EAST, Africa, Mexico and other parts of Latin America, and CHINA. 10.10.1 Understand the CHALLENGES in the regions, including their GEOPOLITICAL, CULTURAL, MILITARY, and ECONOMIC significance and INTERNATIONAL RELATIONSHIPS in which they are involved. 10.10.2 Describe the RECENT history of the regions, including POLITICAL divisions and systems, key leaders, RELIGIOUS ISSUES, natural features, RESOURCES, and POPULATION patterns. 10.10.3 Discuss the important TRENDS in the regions today and whether they appear to serve the cause of INDIVIDUAL FREEDOM and DEMOCRACY. 10.11 Students analyze the INTEGRATION of countries into the WORLD ECONOMY and the INFORMATION, TECHNOLOGICAL, and COMMUNICATIONS revolutions (e.g., television, satellites, computers).

  6. The Modern World has controversial countries has many Israel and China has developed into is challenged by Unresolved Issues Global Interdependence Security Issues that need to be solved that are important Environmental - pollution - human growth - energy Population - more people - food issues Economics - free trade Human Rights - violations around the world from political, ethnic, racial, and religious differences Israel - Balfour Declaration - State of Israel - Palestinian Question - Wars with Arabs 1948 – Independence 1956 – Suez Crisis 1967 – Six Day War 1973 – Yom Kippur - Camp David Accords • Oslo Peace Accords China - Mao died in 1976 - Four Modernizations - Tiananmen Square - Jiang Zemin - Hong Kong that influences our lives that affect our lives Science & Technology - communications - health care (cloning) - green revolution Globalization - economic cooperation - trade - cultural blending - westernization War and Peace - international defense alliances - weapons of mass destruction Human Rights - UNO Universal Declaration of Human Rights Health Issues - AIDS Movement of people - huge migration Terrorism - 9/11 Attacks - cyberterrorism

  7. Geography: Is the glass half-empty or half-full?

  8. Geography: Is the glass half-empty or half-full?

  9. Geography: Is the glass half-empty or half-full?

  10. Russia • increasing standard of living • more than 60% of adults smoke • large energy exporter (oil and gas) • large military with nuclear weapons • inequality between rich and poor Western Europe • highest life expectancy • very high standards of living • 2nd biggest consumer of energy • donates the most per person to help developing countries (Norway $600) China • biggest population • rapidly needs more energy (oil) • standard of living improving • greenhouse gas emissions increasing USA • world’s wealthiest country • very high standards of living • 50% of world’s military spending • world’s biggest arms supplier • 70% of adults overweight • biggest consumer of energy • biggest contributor of greenhouse gas emissions • takes in more refugees than any other country • donates $103 per person to help developing countries • has safe, clean access to fresh water India • imports energy • 2nd biggest population • has nuclear weapons • high undernourishment Middle East • political problems • religious conflict • biggest oil producer • water scarce Sub-Saharan Africa • AIDS is rampant • life expectancy 35-40 years • world’s poorest region with large debt • Wal-Mart makes more money every year than any African country • more people die in battle than the rest of the world combined • many areas lack access to fresh water Latin and South America • great biodiversity • huge inequalities (rich/poor) • some wealth (Brazil) • some civil wars – displaced people • high and medium standards of living • fairly violent • large foreign debt

  11. USA • world’s WEALTHIEST country • very high standards of LIVING • 50% of world’s MILITARY spending • world’s biggest arms SUPPLIER • 70% of adults OVERWEIGHT • biggest consumer of ENERGY • biggest contributor of GREENHOUSE GAS emissions • takes in more REFUGEES than any other country • donates $103 per person to help developing countries • has safe, clean access to fresh water

  12. Russia • INCREASING standard of living • more than 60% of adults SMOKE • large ENERGY exporter (OIL AND GAS) • large military with NUCLEAR weapons • inequality between rich and poor Western Europe • highest LIFE expectancy • very HIGH standards of living • 2nd biggest consumer of ENERGY • DONATES the most per person to help developing countries (Norway $600) India • imports ENERGY • 2nd biggest POPULATION • has NUCLEAR weapons • high UNDERNOURISHMENT

  13. China • biggest POPULATION • rapidly needs more ENERGY (oil) • standard of living improving • greenhouse gas emissions INCREASING Latin and South America • great BIODIVERSITY • huge INEQUALITIES (rich/poor) • some wealth (BRAZIL) • some CIVIL WARS – displaced people • high and medium standards of living • fairly VIOLENT • large foreign DEBT Sub-Saharan Africa • AIDS is rampant • life expectancy 35-40 years • world’s POOREST region with large debt • WAL-MART makes more money every year than any African country • more people die in BATTLE than the rest of the world combined • many areas lack access to FRESH WATER Middle East • POLITICAL problems • religious CONFLICT • biggest OIL producer • water scarce

  14. The Middle East a quick overview of Jewish history

  15. West Bank Story

  16. ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Questions Notes: 10.10 The Modern World 1. The Arab-Israeli Conflict

  17. According to Judaic scripture, God gave Moses the laws while the Hebrews were on the Exodus from Egypt.

  18. About 2,000 years ago the Roman Empire grew around the Mediterranean Sea.

  19. The Jews revolted against Roman rule. The rebellion was crushed and the Jews forced to leave Israel.

  20. ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Questions Notes: 10.10 The Modern World 1. The Arab-Israeli Conflict A. Jews Claim the Holy Land i. believe God gave them Israel 3,000 years ago ii. Romans force Jews to leave in Diaspora AD 135

  21. The Ottoman Empire in 1914 The Ottoman Turks controlled Palestine. The British sent T E Lawrence to encourage Arabs (including the Palestinians) to revolt against the Turks. In return the British insinuated that they would support Arab independence after World War I. Lawrence was successful in getting the Arabs to rise up against the Ottomans. General Allenby victoriously entering Jerusalem.

  22. ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Questions Notes: 10.10 The Modern World 1. The Arab-Israeli Conflict A. Jews Claim the Holy Land i. believe God gave them Israel 3,000 years ago ii. Romans force Jews to leave in Diaspora AD 135 iii. by 1914, Ottoman Empire controls Palestine, Lawrence of Arabia promises Palestinians freedom if they fight the Ottomans

  23. Israel ceased to exist in 70 AD, and the Jews spread out around the world. In the late 1800s, a Hungarian Jew named Theodore Herzl came up with an idea that would protect Jewish people from discrimination… The Jews should have their own homeland… This started the Zionist movement. Jewish populations lived throughout the world. Throughout history, the Jewish people lived in other people’s countries, and periodically they were discriminated against.

  24. During the War, the British Foreign Minister, Lord Balfour, issued the Balfour Declaration. The British government promised to support the Zionist cause of creating a homeland for Jews in Palestine.

  25. ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Questions Notes: 10.10 The Modern World 1. The Arab-Israeli Conflict A. Jews Claim the Holy Land i. believe God gave them Israel 3,000 years ago ii. Romans force Jews to leave in Diaspora AD 135 iii. by 1914, Ottoman Empire controls Palestine, Lawrence of Arabia promises Palestinians freedom if they fight the Ottomans iv. in 1917, Britain makes the Balfour Declaration and promises the Jews a state in Palestine

  26. After World War I, the League of Nations gave the lands of the Ottoman Empire to the British and the French as Mandates (to look after until the people were ready for independence).

  27. After World War I, the Zionists encouraged Jewish immigration to Palestine. As conditions in Nazi Germany and Europe worsened for Jews, many decided to start new lives in Palestine.

  28. The horrors of the Holocaust convinced many that the Jews needed a homeland.

  29. ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Questions Notes: 10.10 The Modern World 1. The Arab-Israeli Conflict A. Jews Claim the Holy Land i. believe God gave them Israel 3,000 years ago ii. Romans force Jews to leave in Diaspora AD 135 iii. by 1914, Ottoman Empire controls Palestine, Lawrence of Arabia promises Palestinians freedom if they fight the Ottomans iv. in 1917, Britain makes the Balfour Declaration and promises the Jews a state in Palestine B. Creation of Israel i. after WWII Holocaust survivors went to Palestine to start a new society

  30. In 1947, the United Nations Organization proposed dividing Palestine into a Jewish and an Arab state. The Palestinians rejected this. The following year, Israel declared its Independence and became a country. This led to the Arab-Israeli War of 1948.

  31. ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Questions Notes: 10.10 The Modern World 1. The Arab-Israeli Conflict A. Jews Claim the Holy Land i. believe God gave them Israel 3,000 years ago ii. Romans force Jews to leave in Diaspora AD 135 iii. by 1914, Ottoman Empire controls Palestine, Lawrence of Arabia promises Palestinians freedom if they fight the Ottomans iv. in 1917, Britain makes the Balfour Declaration and promises the Jews a state in Palestine B. Creation of Israel i. after WWII Holocaust survivors went to Palestine to start a new society ii. Partition - United Nations divides Israel and Palestine in 1947 (Jews get most of the land) iii. 1948 – Israel declares independence

  32. The Israeli military proved to be better equipped, trained, and motivated.

  33. …the result of the wars… Palestinian refugees

  34. ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Questions Notes: 10.10 The Modern World 1. The Arab-Israeli Conflict A. Jews Claim the Holy Land B. Creation of Israel i. after WWII Holocaust survivors went to Palestine to start a new society ii. Partition - United Nations divides Israel and Palestine in 1947 (Jews get most of the land) iii. 1948 – Israel declares independence C. Arab-Israeli Wars i. Israel fights wars with Arab neighbors in 1949, 1956, 1967, and 1973) ii. Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) formed to fight for a Palestinian state

  35. 1948 Declaration of the state of Israel Israel defeats Arab armies four times 1977 - Camp David Accords – peace with Arab countries 1982 - Intifada – uprising of Palestinians within Israel 1993 - Oslo Peace Accords – Israel and Palestinians make a peace agreement 2000 – Second Intifada

  36. President Jimmy Carter managed to get Egyptian and Israeli leaders to meet at Camp David and make a peace agreement.

  37. ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Questions Notes: 10.10 The Modern World 1. The Arab-Israeli Conflict A. Jews Claim the Holy Land B. Creation of Israel i. after WWII Holocaust survivors went to Palestine to start a new society ii. Partition - United Nations divides Israel and Palestine in 1947 (Jews get most of the land) iii. 1948 – Israel declares independence C. Arab-Israeli Wars i. Israel fights wars with Arab neighbors in 1949, 1956, 1967, and 1973) ii. Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) formed to fight for a Palestinian state iii. 1977 - Camp David Accords – peace agreement between Israel and Arab states

  38. In 1948 the UN General Assembly passed Resolution 194 on the Question of Palestine, which "resolves that refugees wishing to return to their homes and live at peace with their neighbors should be permitted to do so at the earliest practicable date, and that compensation should be paid for the property of those choosing not to return..."

  39. almost 60 years later, and Palestinians still live in refugee camps

  40. The Palestinians left in Israel have been unhappy at their treatment…

  41. ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Questions Notes: 10.10 The Modern World 1. The Arab-Israeli Conflict A. Jews Claim the Holy Land B. Creation of Israel i. after WWII Holocaust survivors went to Palestine to start a new society ii. Partition - United Nations divides Israel and Palestine in 1947 (Jews get most of the land) iii. 1948 – Israel declares independence C. Arab-Israeli Wars i. Israel fights wars with Arab neighbors in 1949, 1956, 1967, and 1973) ii. Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) formed to fight for a Palestinian state iii. 1977 - Camp David Accords – peace agreement between Israel and Arab states iv. 1982 - Palestinians fight – intifada (uprising)

  42. The Oslo Peace Accords 1993

  43. The Two-State Solution – Israel and Palestine

  44. ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Questions Notes: 10.10 The Modern World 1. The Arab-Israeli Conflict A. Jews Claim the Holy Land B. Creation of Israel i. after WWII Holocaust survivors went to Palestine to start a new society ii. Partition - United Nations divides Israel and Palestine in 1947 (Jews get most of the land) iii. 1948 – Israel declares independence C. Arab-Israeli Wars i. Israel fights wars with Arab neighbors in 1949, 1956, 1967, and 1973) ii. Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) formed to fight for a Palestinian state iii. 1977 - Camp David Accords – peace agreement between Israel and Arab states iv. 1982 - Palestinians fight – intifada (uprising) v. 1993 - Oslo Accords – peace with Palestinians vi. 2000 - second intifada starts

  45. Science and Technology in the Modern World

  46. Science and Technology in the Modern World Space Global Communications Changing Human Life

  47. The International Space Station