Definition of Dyslexia • Dyslexia is a specific, neurological learning disability. • It is characterized by difficulties and/or fluent word recognition, and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. • These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction Source: International Dyslexia Association
Source: Overcoming Dyslexia: A New and Complete Science Based Program for Reading Problems at Any Level by Sally Shaywitz, M.D.
Fact or Fiction? Source: http://dyslexia.yale.edu/Myths.html
Signs of Dyslexia Signs of Dyslexia Sources: 1)Yale Center for Dyslexia and Creativity 2)Elaine Offsteinwww.seeyourbrainwaves.com
Best Practices1)Orton-Gillingham based tutoring – multisensory, sequential, systematic review2)Accomodations Sources: 1) International Dyslexia Association2)Yale Center for Dyslexia and Creativity
Good Sources: 1)Target the problem http://www.readingrockets.org/oldmedia/target_handout.pdf Great overview of the eight common reading problems students face. It presents each problem from the student, teacher, and parent perspective and what can be done to help 2)The Yale Center for Dyslexia and Creativity http://dyslexia.yale.edu/%3Fgclid=CISy6aKEk70CFY0-MgodPzMAug This Center was founded by Drs. Sally and Bennett Shaywitz who are both physicians and researchers. They have studied dyslexia for over 20 years. 3)Orton Gillingham http://www.orton-gillingham.us An approach to reading instruction developed in the mid-1930s by Samual Orton, a neuropsychiatrist and researcher, and Anna Gillingham, a professor and psychologist, both form Columbia University Their approach is language-based, structured, multi-sensory, and sequential. OG is the basis or many current reading approaches: Wilson Reading, SIPPS, Herman Method, Barton, Lindamood Bell. 4)International Dyslexia Association http://www.interdys.org 5)Embracing Dyslexia http://www.youtube.com/watch%3Fv=cBIK0XVPbXo Documentary on dyslexia