Dyslexia By: Stephanie Gracida Tuyen Dinh Period 5
It’s a learning disability that hinders an individual’s ability to spell, read, write, and sometimes speak. • Dyslexic people are recognized to have a hard time learning words and poor decoding abilities. What is Dyslexia?
Facts about Dyslexia • It’s estimated that 70 to 85% of children w/learning disabilities are dyslexic. • Dyslexics often times have more severe deficits in spelling than reading. • They also have poor coordination, both motor and hand-eye coordination. • Famous people w/ dyslexia: Einstein, Churchill, Babe Ruth, Lenin, DaVinci, Picasso, Disney, Edison.
Causes of Dyslexia • The Inherited theory claims that dyslexia is caused by genetic factors and often runs in the family. • Another theory states that this disorder is caused by brain damage on the left side or due to dietary deficiencies during pregnancy.
Complications of Dyslexia • Lead to problems in school, being held back a grade. • Loss of confidence/self-esteem in oneself • Reading problems persists to adulthood, affecting job performance.
Treatment • Should be treated in early childhood in order to gain the best results in adulthood. • Goal: help overcome the learning difficulties • Special programs aside from school, verbal exercises such as word match & rhyming. • Extra learning assistance, individual approaches to each patient. • Medical treatment: antihistamines, anti-motion sickness drugs, or various vitamin or mineral supplements.
References • http://www.dyslexia-test.com/famous.html • http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0002379/ • http://www.dyslexiasymptoms.net