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Dyslexia

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Dyslexia

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  1. Dyslexia By: Jenavie Trejo

  2. Symptoms of Dyslexia • Pre – School and Kindergarten warning signs: Delayed speech, not talking by baby’s first birthday or mixing up sounds in multi – syllabic words Ex. (Hekalopter for Helicopter or Hangaberg for Hamburger) • Reading and Spelling: Can read a word on one page, but won’t recognize it on the next page or they insert or leave out letters such as could to cold or star to stair • Handwriting Dysgraphia: Child writes letters with unusual starting and ending points • Quality of written work: they avoid writing whenever possible or write everything in one long sentence • Directionality: Left, Right confusion, Up or down, North South East West confusion • Sequencing steps in task: Tying their shoe laces or printing letters and touch typing: learning to touch type is an essential skill for people with Dysgraphia

  3. Developmental Reading Disorder (Dyslexia) Developmental reading disorder, also called dyslexia, is a reading disability that occurs when the brain does not properly recognize and process certain symbols Causes, Incidence, and risk factors: • Developmental reading disorder (DRD), or dyslexia, occurs when there is a problem in areas of the brain that help interpret language. It is not caused by vision problems. The disorder is a specific information processing problem that does not interfere with one's ability to think or to understand complex ideas. Most people with DRD have normal intelligence, and many have above-average intelligence. • DRD may appear in combination with developmental writing disorder and developmental arithmetic disorder. All of these involve using symbols to convey information. These conditions may appear alone or in any combination. • DRD often runs in families.

  4. Dyslexia Accommodations/Modifications Curriculum: • Shorten assignments to focus on mastery of key concepts • Shorten spelling tests to focus on mastering the most functional words • Substitute alternatives for written assignments (posters, oral/taped or video presentations, projects, collages, etc.) Classroom Environment: • Provide a computer for written work • Seat student close to teacher in order to monitor understanding • Provide quiet during intense learning times Instruction/Direction: • Give directions in small steps and with as few words as possible • Break complex direction into small steps—arrange in a vertical list format • Read written directions to student, then model/demonstrate • Accompany oral directions with visual clues • Use both oral and written directions • Ask student to repeat; check for understanding 

  5. Special Programs • Taylor Reading Plus Program This program is designed to improve reading speed comprehension • Gemstone Educational Orthoptic Program The GEO is proven to be the best program to address vision skills

  6. Dyslexia Affects

  7. Resources  • http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0002379/ • http://www.dys-add.com/symptoms.html • http://www.region10.org/dyslexia/Dyslexia-AccommModif.html • http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0002379/ • http://www.3dlearner.com/right-brained-dyslexia-programs-to-beat-Dyslexia-Learning-Disabilities-ADHD/