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North America

North America

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North America

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  1. 7th Grade UBD - Unit 7 – The Americas North America

  2. Preview • North America- North America is the third largest of the seven continents. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west. • Canada- Canada is the world's second-largest country by total area, and its common border with the United States is the world's longest land border. • United States- The United States of America, the third largest country by size in the world, is a nation of staggering natural, geological, and cultural diversity.

  3. Key Ideas- North America • North America has an almost endless range of natural resources and is bonded by trade and culture. • North Americans are the most mobile people in the world. • North America is the third largest continent. • North America is the only continent that has every kind of climate.

  4. Key Term North America – The world’s third-largest continent, consisting of Canada, the United States, Mexico, and many islands.

  5. Introduction • Although Columbus is given much credit as having discovered Americas, there were plenty of people already living in North America prior to the Europeans having arrived. • In the 1600's the Europeans quickly colonized and took over much of North America.

  6. Defining North America • North America as a geographic name means different things to different people. • To physical geographers, North America refers to the landmass that extends from the shores of the Arctic Ocean to Panama. • To human geographers, North America consists of Canada and the United States.

  7. Defining the Realm • North America has an almost endless range of natural resources and is bonded by trade and culture. • For the United States, Canada is its leading export market and its number one source of imports. • Both the United States and Canada have a developed infrastructures that make travel and trade easy.

  8. Defining the Realm • Both countries rank among the world’s most highly urbanized. • About 80 percent of the population is concentrated in cities. • North Americans are the most mobile people in the world. • Moreover, each year nearly one out of every six people changes his or her residence.

  9. Questions • What groups of people inhabited North America before Columbus “discovered” it? • What country is the leading export market for the United States and its number one source of imports? • What kinds of climate does North America have?

  10. Answers • What groups of people inhabited North America before Columbus “discovered” it? • Many Native American tribes and the Aztec civilization inhabited North America before Columbus “discovered” it. • What country is the leading export market for the United States and its number one source of imports? • Canada is the leading export market for the United States and its number one source of imports. • What kinds of climate does North America have? • North America has every type of climate.

  11. Canada and America Video-Canada and America

  12. Key Ideas- Canada • Today, Canada is a world leader in agricultural production, telecommunications, and energy technologies. The vast majority of Canada's exports go to the United States. • Canada is the second largest oil reserve holder after Saudi Arabia. • Canada is the leader in uranium mining and is the world leader of Hydro Electricity.

  13. Key Term Ottawa– Is the capital of Canada.

  14. Canada's Geography • Canada is a vast and rugged land. • It is the second largest country in the world, but it has only one-half of one percent of the world's population.

  15. Canada's Geography • Canada's far north lies in the frozen grip of the Arctic, where ice, snow, and glaciers dominate the landscape. • Few trees grow here, and farming is not practical. • Native Canadians lived in this region by hunting and fishing.

  16. Canada's Nature • Canada's remote north and extensive forests are home to wildlife. • The country's lakes and rivers contain about twenty percent of all fresh water on Earth.

  17. Canada's Nature • Canadians work hard to protect the native wildlife. • Canada has 41 national parks and three marine conservation areas. • Nevertheless, species like wolves, lynx, and Atlantic fish have been overhunted and overfished.

  18. Key Term Mountie- A member of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police.

  19. Key Term Preservation – Setting aside areas of land and protecting them from human activities.

  20. Niagara Falls Video-Niagara Falls

  21. Eyewitness To History Reading Activity- Eyewitness To History 20

  22. Canada's History • In the 16th century, French and British settlers arrived. • Land disputes between farmers and fur traders led to four wars between 1689 and 1763. • The final war, called the French and Indian War, left the British in control of Canada, but French influence remains strong even today.

  23. Canada's History • In 1867, Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick combined to form a country with its own government, parliament, and prime minister. • In 1931, Canada became an independent nation.

  24. Canada’s Government and Economy • The British monarch is the head of state of Canada. • The monarch is represented by a governor-general, who has very limited powers. • Laws are made by Canada's elected federal government, which includes a parliament and a prime minister.

  25. Natural Resources in Canada • Canada has a small population of only about 35 million. • The Canadian people are rich in natural resources. • This abundance of natural resources in Canada has allowed it to prosper. Many other countries do not have the same resources for feeding their populations, supporting industry, and meeting their energy needs.

  26. Canada’s Government and Economy • Today, Canada is a world leader in agricultural production, telecommunications, and energy technologies. • The vast majority of Canada's exports go to the United States.

  27. Questions • Canada is the second largest country in the world, but it has only what percent of the world's population? • Today, Canada is a world leader in what types of industries?

  28. Answers • Canada is the second largest country in the world, but it has only what percent of the world's population? • Canada has one-half of one percent of the world's population. • Today, Canada is a world leader in what types of industries? • Canada is a world leader in agricultural production, telecommunications, and energy technologies.

  29. Key Ideas- The United States • The people of the United States are very diverse. People come from many different cultures and backgrounds and practice many different religions.  • The American people are dedicated to the pursuit of happiness and freedoms of speech and religion. • Advances in the past hundred years have established America as a world leader economically, militarily, and technologically.

  30. Key Term Washington, D.C. - The capital of the United States.

  31. The United States Geography • The United States of America is the world's third largest country in size and nearly the third largest in terms of population. • Located in North America, the country is bordered on the west by the Pacific Ocean and to the east by the Atlantic Ocean. • Along the northern border is Canada and the southern border is Mexico.

  32. The United States Nature • The wildlife in the United States is as diverse as the landscape. • Mammals such as bison once roamed freely across the plains, but now live only in preserves. • There are over 20,000 flower species and most came from Europe. • The bald eagle is the national bird and symbol of the United States and is a protected species.

  33. The United States History • For centuries native people lived across the vast expanse that would become the United States. In the early 17th century, settlers moved from Europe to the New World, established colonies, and displaced the native people.

  34. The United States History • The settlers fought for their independence from Britain in the late 18th century and formed a union of states based on a new constitution. • The nation continued to expand westward. • Since declaring independence from Britain on July 4, 1776 the United States has become a global power.

  35. The United States People and Culture • The U.S. population is dispersed across most of the country forming most of the country concentrations along the Atlantic and Pacific coasts. • The U.S. population is nearly ten times larger than Canada’s. • In fact, the United States is the world’s third most populated country after China and India.

  36. The United States People and Culture • Throughout its history, the United States has been a nation of immigrants. • The population of the United States is diverse with people from all over the world seeking refuge and a better way of life.

  37. American Diversity Video-American Diversity

  38. The United States Government and Economy • The federal government makes laws that affect the country as a whole. • The State government handle matters that affect the state like state highways and funding for public schools. • Local governments provide community services such as fire and police protection.

  39. The United States Government and Economy • The United States has a Bill of Rights that guarantees fundamental freedoms and protections to citizens.

  40. Key Term Bill of Rights- The first ten amendments of the U.S. Constitution, containing a list of individual rights and liberties, such as freedom of speech, religion, and the press.

  41. The United States Government and Economy • Citizens over the age of 18 years vote to elect the President and Vice President of the United States every four years. • The president lives in the White House in Washington, D.C. • There are two houses of Congress: the Senate and the House of Representatives.

  42. Key Term Congress- The legislative branch of government, consisting of the House of Representatives and Senate. Primarily responsible for making laws.

  43. The United States Government and Economy • There are 100 senators, two from each state. • There are 435 representatives who must be elected every two years. • The Supreme Court is made up of nine justices who are picked by the president and must be approved by Congress.

  44. Key Term The Supreme Court - The head judicial branch of the United States government. The decisions of the Supreme Court are absolute and final.

  45. The United States Government and Economy • The first African American president of the United States was Barack Obama. He was elected President of the United States in 2008. • Today, America is a world leader economically, militarily, and technologically.

  46. Key Term North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)- A trade agreement between Canada, the United States and Mexico that encourages free trade between these North American countries.

  47. Questions • Advances in the past hundred years have established America as a world leader in what areas? • The United States has a Bill of Rights that guarantees what? • The first African American president of the United States was Barack Obama. He was elected President of the United States in what year?

  48. Answers • Advances in the past hundred years have established America as a world leader in what areas? • Advances in the past hundred years have established America as a world leader economically, militarily, and technologically. • The United States has a Bill of Rights that guarantees what? • The United States has a Bill of Rights that guarantees fundamental freedoms and protections to citizens. • The first African American president of the United States was Barack Obama. He was elected President of the United States in what year? • In 2008 Barack Obama was elected President of the United States.

  49. Independent Activity • What has been the “muddiest” point so far in this lesson? That is, what topic remains the least clear to you? (4 minutes)