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North America

North America

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North America

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  1. NorthAmerica Territorial Dynamics

  2. I. U.S. Core and Peripheries A. Main core of the US – Main core of the world • Northeast + ManufacturingBelt • Political & economiccore of US Power • 45% of industrial jobs • Megalopolis • Boston, New York, Philadelphia, Washington D.C. • #1 world gathering of political, economic, financial & cultural powers • Rust Belt • Crisis of traditionalheavyindustry • automobile industry in Detroit, textiles • Industrialredevelopment • Pittsburg, Cleveland, Buffalo

  3. B. Growingintegratedperiphery • Sun Belt • Oildeposits, hightechnology, aerospace, robotics, biotechnologies • Very Attractive & integratedperiphery • Regions of major growth • Major cities & hightech industries • SiliconValley in California • Silicon Beach in Miami • Silicon Prairie in Texas • Cascadiaaround Seattle • Revitalizedoldsouth by tourism (e.g. Miami) and new technologies (Atlanta, Research Triangle Park)

  4. The Sun Belt and Population Growth Trends 2000-2010

  5. C. Margins of US territoryused by the core • Corn Belt and Great Plains: • Agro-industrialcore of the US and breakbasket of the world • Rocky Mountains, natural areas (National Parks) • Lowdensity of population • Tourism, exploitation of naturalresources, energy • Remote States: • Hawaii (tourism & tropical agriculture) • Alaska (oildeposits and geostrategic location)

  6. II. Territorial Dynamics whichdemonstrate US world power • US power concentrated in urban areas • World/global cities, urbancore of the world • NYC, Washington, D.C., LA, Chicago • Major metropoliseswith national or international influence • New metropolises in progress • Attracting millions of inhabitants & diverse economicactivities (service sectors & R&D development)

  7. Revitalization of business & residential areas of urban centers of US cities in late 20th century • Economic factors • Expansion of service sector, quaternary sector, research facilities • Growth in small businesses – residential districts surrounding city core • Demand for housing in downtown & inner-city neighborhoods • Demographic factors • New household forms : DINKS, yuppies, nontraditional households • Urban policy • Govt/non-profit orgs to revitalize central cities through public policies and incentives • City investment policies/tax incentives • Public-private partnerships • Historic preservation • Sense of place • Emotional attachment to central-city locations based on cultural amenities, landscape features, lifestyle factors Video: Dismantling Urban Highways/Reimagining the Commons: Philadelphia

  8. B. Interfaces open the USA to the world • Main maritime interfaces w/ dynamic ports • San Francisco, Houston, Miami, NYC • Flows of capital, goods & workers on dynamic cross-border areas • Mexamerica and the maquiladoras • Main Street • Cascadia • Major intlairports (hubs) What are the 8 major hubs? • Internal migration flows (labor force & capital) • Strengthensouthernperiphery • External migration flows (immigration) strengthen the Sun Belt

  9. C. Regional and global integration of the US • NAFTA (NorthAmerican Free Trade Agreement) • Dynamiceconomic exchanges benefiting the US • Main waterwayslinking the US to rest of world • Mississippi, Great Lakes & St Lawrence River) • Main intlflows w/ Triad • EasternAsia & Western Europe