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North America

North America

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North America

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  1. North America

  2. Describing North America as a Realm Consists of Canada and USA (Hawaii excluded)

  3. Major Cities of the Realm Canada USA

  4. The Emerging Megaregions of North America

  5. North America: Climate (Köppen/Geiger) Canada and Alaska mostly: humid cold climate (D) Northeast of US: humid cold climate (D) Rest of US: dry to humid temperate climate (B, C)

  6. Physical Geography of North America

  7. Economy in North America Canada USA largest and most technologically powerful economy in the world world leading high-technology innovator, second largest industrial output in world $15.65 trillion GDP • high-tech industrial society • US's largest foreign supplier of energy • $1.77 trillion GDP

  8. North America: Population Facts

  9. Population Pyramids in Comparison

  10. North America’s Capital Consumption in Comparison to the World Rostow’s Model (Stages of Growth) Canada and USA: Stage 5 (Age of High Mass Consumption)

  11. Tourism Geography of North America USA Canada 5% of the GDP in tourism industry 10% of the employed Canadians work in the tourism sector • one of the world’s leading destinations • 6% of the GDP in tourism industry • 7.9 million people employed in tourism sector

  12. The Demand for Tourism (USA) • Domestic Tourism: • limited time for leisure available for most Americans of working age • workers in the US on average have 19 days of paid annual leave (including public holidays) compared to 24 days in Europe • Trend: short weekend breaks: • before Memorial Day in late May • after Labor Day in early September • Thanksgiving in late November

  13. The Demand for Tourism (USA) • Outbound Tourism: • Only 18% of the trips are to foreign countries • 58 million people travel outside of the USA • Over 50% of outbound travels are to Canada or Mexico • Major overseas destinations: UK, Japan and Italy and the Caribbean

  14. The Demand for Tourism (USA) • Inbound Tourism: • 63 million arrivals/year • Almost a third from Canada • Others from • Mexico • Japan, South Korea • Western Europe • UK • Germany • France • Italy

  15. The Supply Side of Tourism (USA) • Transport • private car • air transport • bus • trains • Accommodation

  16. Regional Examples for the Supply Side in Tourism (USA) • Business Travel to Washington D.C., Boston, New York, Chicago, Salt Lake City, Houston, Los Angeles and San Francisco • Coast of Maine  sailing, fishing, canoeing, historic seaports • New York City • Atlantic City and Las Vegas

  17. Regional Examples for the Supply Side in Tourism (USA) • Florida: “The Sunshine State” • Constant flow of tourists all over the year • Retirement area • Orlando: over 35 million visitors/year  World Disney World (theme park capital) • White sand beaches and sport facilities

  18. Regional Examples for the Supply Side in Tourism (USA) • Great Lakes: • Lake Erie • Lake Huron • Lake Michigan • Lake Superior • Lake Ontario • Rocky Mountains • Great Canyon

  19. Rocky Mountains National Park, Colorado

  20. Grand Canyon National Park, Arizona

  21. Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming (Montana, Idaho)

  22. Death Valley National Park, California/Nevada

  23. Regional Examples for the Supply Side in Tourism (USA) • California  “The Golden State” • Warm sunny climate and a variety of its scenery • Northern California • Yosemite National Park • Monterey  Beaches and Aquarium • Calistoga  Spa Area • Napa Valley  Wine Region • Redwood Forests • Lake Tahoe and Sierra Nevada Mountains  Ski resorts

  24. Regional Examples for the Supply Side in Tourism (USA) • Los Angeles: • Santa Monica and Venice Beach • Disneyland • Hollywood • San Francisco: • Fisherman’s Wharf • Cable Cars • Golden Gate Bridge • Alcatraz

  25. Yosemite National Park, California

  26. The Demand for Tourism (Canada) • Domestic Tourism: • far larger in volume and expenditure than inbound or outbound tourism • British Columbia and Prince Edward Island  most favored holiday destinations for Canadians

  27. The Demand for Tourism (Canada) • Outbound Tourism: • 10 million/year people travel outside of Canada • mostly to the US but also to Mexico, the Caribbean, Europe and East Asia • US-American border: New York, Vermont, Michigan and Washington most visited • Florida in winter time

  28. The Demand for Tourism (Canada) • Inbound Tourism: • 16 million arrivals/year • biggest part from the USA • less than 10% from Europe

  29. The Supply Side of Tourism (Canada) • Transport • problems for vehicles and road maintenance in winter • VIA Rail • domestic trips by car • air travel (AirCanada) • Accommodation

  30. Regional Examples for the Supply Side in Tourism (Canada) • Winter Recreation Activities • Business Travel in Ontario, Toronto, Ottawa, Vancouver and Montréal • Summers in Southern and Western Canada: outdoor activities incl. beach tourism and water sports, boating, canoeing, hunting and fishing • Northern Canada: polar bear and whale watching

  31. Regional Examples for the Supply Side in Tourism (Canada) • West Edmonton Mall, Alberta • Victoria on Vancouver Island • Banff National Park • The Rocky Mountains • Niagara Area

  32. The Rocky Mountains (Canada)

  33. Banff National Park, Alberta

  34. Niagara Falls State Park in USA/Canada • American Falls • Bridal Veil Falls • Canadian Falls

  35. References • Boniface, B.& Cooper, C. (2009). worldwide destinations: The Geography of travel and tourism (5th ed.). Oxford, UK: Butterworth-Heinemann • de Blij, H.J.& Muller, P.O. (2004). Geography Realm, Regions, and Concepts (11th ed.). Hoboken, New Jersey:John Wiley& Sons, Inc. • (2002) Diercke Weltatlas Ausgabe 2. Braunschweig, Germany: Westermann druck • http://www.worldbank.org/ • https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html • http://www.unwto.org/ • personal database