Adjectives Spanish One ch.2
Los adjetivos: • Adjectives: Words that modify nouns • En español, most adjectives have either two or four forms • When using adjectives in Spanish, one must always consider PLACEMENT and AGREEMENT.
ADJECTIVE AGREEMENT: If an adjective ends in O, A, OS or AS then it will usually have four forms and the form that you use in any given sentence must agree with the noun that it modifies. simpátco (m/s) simpática (f/s) simpáticos (m/p) simpáticas (f/p)
ADJECTIVE AGREEMENT: If an adjective ends in DOR or DORA then it will usually have four forms and the form that you use in any given sentence must agree with the noun that it modifies. trabajador (m/s) trabajadora (f/s) trabajadores (m/p) trabajadoras(f/p)
ADJECTIVE AGREEMENT: If an adjective ends in something other than these two, then it will usually have only two forms – singular and plural. inteligente (s) inteligentes (p)
PLACEMENT OF ADJECTIVES • Restrictive adjectives • placed in front of the noun • Descriptive adjectives • placed after the noun • Nouns used as adjectives • placed after the noun and separated by the word “de”
Exceptions to the rule…: The adjectives good (bueno) and bad (malo) are descriptive adjectives but are generally placed in front of the nouns they modify. Also adjectives that reflect an inherent quality of the noun (cold ice) are also placed in front of the noun.
EXAMPLES: thebig backpack lamochilagrande awhite book un libro blanco threeSpanish notebooks tres cuadernos de español
PRACTICE: some school backpacks a big desk five English books two Spanish students a disorganized notebook four hard working boys
PRACTICA unas mochilas de escuela un pupitre grande cinco libros de inglés dos estudiantes de español un cuaderno desordenado cuatro chicos trabajadores