Unit Six The Human Touch Angie 马丽研
1.Faith, hope and charity are traditionally grouped together as three important virtues. Which do you think is the most important? 2. Describe a story that you heard or saw about charity. 3. How to understand the proverb “Charity begins at home, but should not end there.”?
II. Cultural Notes 1. O. Henry 2. "We Are the World"
O. Henry: O. Henry (1862~1910): It is the pseudonym of William Sydney Porter, American writer of short stories, best known for his ironic plot twists and surprise endings. O. Henry did not write professionally until he reached his mid-30s. In 1894 he founded a short-lived weekly humor magazine, The Rolling Stone. Released from prison he moved to New York City in 1901 and began writing full time.
In his stories he made substantial use of his knowledge of Texas, Central America, and life in prison, He also became fascinated by New York street life, which provided a setting for many of his later stories. During the last ten years of his life, he became one of the most popular writers in America, publishing over 500 short stories in dozens of widely read periodicals. O. Henry’s most famous stories, such as “The Gift of magi,” “The Furnished Room,” and “The Ransom of Red Chief”. His style of storytelling
became a model not only for short fiction, but also for American motion pictures and television programs. Writing at the rate of more than one story per week, O. Henry published ten collections of stories during a career that barely spanned a decade. In 1919 the O. Henry memorial Awards for the best American short stories published each year were founded by the society of Arts and Science.
"We Are the World": Michael Jackson cowrote the song, which was performed by a group of more than 40 popular musicians, with all profits from audio and video sales donated to alleviate world hunger.
Words 1. joint a. held or done by two or more persons together共有的,共同的 e.g. She had taken the money out of the joint account she had with her husband. 她把丈夫和她共同账户中的钱取走了 Mr Jones and his two sons are the joint owners of the business. 琼斯先生和他的两个儿子是这个商店的共同所有者
Words n. a thing used for making a join; a place where things join连接物,连接处,骨节 e.g. Our arms and legs bend at the joints — the elbows and knees. 我们的胳膊和腿在关节处，即胳膊肘和膝盖处弯曲 joint-cutting 切缝
Words 【扩展衍生词】 out of joint: ( of the joint of the body) out of the proper position脱臼 put someone’s nose out of joint: to make someone jealous by taking his place as the center of attraction.取代某人成为注意中心,因而使这人眼红.
Words 2. stalk vt. 1> (of an evil force) move through (a place) in a threatening way; move quietly and cautiously in order to get near. 可怕地蔓延或游荡;潜行,偷偷接近. e.g. When night falls, danger stalks the streets of the city. 当夜幕降临，危险偷偷接近了城市 Polar bears prefer to hunt seals on land or ice but may stalk them from under water.北极熊喜欢猎捕陆地或者冰上的海豹，但是从水下偷偷接近
Words 2> walk stiffly, proudly, or with long steps 昂首阔步,迈大步 e.g. stalked off in a huff. 怒冲冲地走开 stalk out of the room 傲然阔步走出房去
Words 3. scarce adj. not easily obtained and much less than is needed, not plentiful稀少的,难得的,不足的 e.g. Good fruit is scarce just now and costs a lot. 现在好水果很稀少，而且价钱很贵。 That bird has become scarce in this country. 那种鸟在这个国家已变得很稀有了。
Words 4. subtract v. take (a number, quantity) away from. (followed by from)减去, 扣除 e.g. 6 subtracted from 9 gives 3. 9减6得3。 That subtracts nothing from his merit. 那丝毫没有减损他的功绩。
Words 【词缀】 sub- 1) under + tact: pull subconscious(下意识的), submarine（水下的）, subzero（零度以下的） 2)almost Subarctic（亚北地区的） 3) less important or powerful than; smaller than subeditor（副主编）, subdivide（再分）
Words 5. cure v. 1> to bring health to a person in place of disease or illness治愈,治好, 纠正 e.g. This medicine cured me of my cold. 这种药治好了我的感冒. Parents try to cure their children of bad habits. 父母努力纠正孩子们的不良习惯.
Words 2> to make a disease, illness etc. go away esp. by medical treatment治疗,医治 e.g. The only way to cure backache is to rest 治疗背痛的唯一方法就是休息。 Government action to cure unemployment 政府解决失业问题的行为。
Words n. 1> a medicine that cures an illness, disease, etc.(治疗某种疾病的)药 e.g. There is still no cure for the common cold. 治疗普通感冒仍然没有什么药。 A rest in the mountain is the best curative for breathing difficulties。 在山中休息是治疗呼吸困难最好的方法。
Words 2> a course of medical treatment 疗程,医治,治疗 e.g. He went for a cure at a famous hospital. 他到一家有名的医院去就医. take a cure 接受（一个疗程）的治疗
Words 3> a return to health after illness.痊愈,治好 e.g. This drug should bring about a cure. 这种药会是病治好的。 His cure took only a few weeks. 只不过几个星期，他的病就好了。
Words 6. bare adj. 1> without covering, clothing, or decoration 光秃秃的，裸露的；无装饰 e.g. Don't walk on that broken glass with bare feet. 不要光着脚走在那些碎玻璃上。 bare walls. 没有装饰的墙 the bare facts. 这些不加渲染的事实
Words v. uncover ; reveal 展现，显示，揭示，暴露 e.g. The animal bared its teeth in anger. 动物愤怒时露出牙齿。 The man bared his head. 男人脱下帽子。
Words 【辨析】 Bare 指局部的裸。 Naked 指全部的裸，光身的，即可指全身又可指半身的裸。 Uncovered 指无遮盖的桌上无桌布的。 Nude 指全然裸体的，尤指美术品的全然裸露。 Unclothed 指不穿衣服。
Words 7. dreary adj. dull ; gloomy; causing low spirits 沉闷的；阴沉的；使人忧郁的 e.g. By the time they had waited five hours for their delayed flight, everyone looked dreary. 他们等待延迟的飞机已经等了五个小时, 每个人看上去都很忧郁 She had spent a dreary day in the dormitory writing the term paper. 她在寝室写学期论文，度过了沉闷的一天
Words 8. fierce adj. 1> violent and angry 残忍的, 凶猛的 e.g. The famous boxer killed a fierce wolf with his bare hands. 那位著名的拳击师赤手空拳打死了一头凶猛的恶狼。 We wanted to offer help, but the fierce glare on his face stopped us. 我们想提出帮助他,但是他那种凶狠瞪视的目光使我们望而却步。
Words 2> intense; strong 狂热的, 强烈的 e.g. There is a vivid description of a fierce bayonet charge in the novel. 这本小说中有一段激烈的白刃战的生动描写。 In the fierce fighting the lightly wounded refused to leave the front line. 在这场激烈的战斗中轻伤员们都不肯下火线。
Words 9. mock v. ridicule; make fun of (used in the pattern: mock (at )sb./sth.) ）嘲笑；嘲弄 e.g. Although he failed in the maths test, it was wrong to mock his efforts. 虽然他的数学没有考及格,但是嘲笑他的努力是不对的。 He made the boys laugh by mocking the way the teacher spoke. 他模仿老师说话的样子，把男孩子们逗笑了。 。
Words 10.fancy n. 1> power of the mind to imagine (esp. unreal things) 想象力 e.g. Children usually have a lively fancy. 儿童往往有丰富的想象力。 I have a fancy that it's going to rain. 我想大概要下雨。
Words 2> sth. imagined; unfounded opinion or belief 想象，幻想 e.g. The forecasts in his book were not wild fancies. 这本书中的预测不完全是想象。 I think the story is a mixture of fact and fancy. 这本书是现实与想象的结合。
Words 3> desire; liking 爱好，偏爱 e.g. He took a great fancy to his new teacher. 他特别喜欢他的新老师。 I've taken a fancy to that silly hat. 我特别喜欢那顶怪帽子。
Words adj. 1> brightly colored 色彩夺目的，花哨的 e.g. I like the pattern, but the color is too fancy. 我喜欢样式，但颜色太鲜艳了 fancy goods 花哨的小商品 fancy cakes 花式糕点
Words 2> not plain or ordinary; unusual 奇特的; 异样的e.g. These fancy fruits are too expensive. 这些奇珍异果太贵了 fancy dress (化妆舞会的)化妆服饰
Words v. 1> have a desire or wish for; want 喜欢，喜爱 e.g. I fancy the idea of having a picnic on the grass. 我喜欢在草地上野餐的想法 I don't fancy fish today. 今天我不想吃鱼。
Words 2> imagine 设想；幻想 e.g. Can you fancy him talking such a thing? 你能想象得到他说出这种话么？ Fancy having a fool like that for a husband! 试想找了这么一个傻瓜做丈夫!
Words 3> think or believe 认为 e.g. I don’t fancy your chances of getting a ticket at this late stage. 在最后阶段，我不认为你有机会得到一张票。 I fancy (that) he won't come. 我想他不会来的。
Words 11. persistent adj. 1> continuing; occurring again and again 持续的; 不断的 e.g. The persistent growth of the population has been surprising. 人口的持续增长令人惊讶。 a persistent ringing of the telephone. 响个不停的电话铃声。
Words 2> refusing to give up 坚持的, 百折不挠的; 固执的 e.g. She eventually married the most persistent of her admirers. 她最终嫁给了最执著的追求者。 persistent efforts 坚持不懈地努力
Words 【扩展衍生词】 persist v. continue to do esp. in an obstinate and determined way and in spite of opposition, argument or failure. 坚持 persist in sth./ in doing sth. persistence n.
Words 12. mingle v. mix (使)混合 e.g. The king mingled with the people in the streets. 国王和街上的人群混在一起了。 The two rivers mingle their waters when they join. 两河相会时汇流在一起。
Words 【扩展衍生词】 mingle A with B/ mingle A and B (together): combine things together 使A和B混合 【近义词】 mix, blend
Words 13. acute adj. 1> (of diseases) coming quickly to the critical stage or dangerous stage急性的 e.g. She was taken to the hospital suffering from acute appendicitis. 她得了急性阑尾炎，被送到了医院。 His disease is not acute but chronic. 他的病不是急性而是慢性的。
Words 2> severe,strong;deep 剧烈的 严重的 e.g. The company is said to be suffering from acute financial difficulties. 据说这个公司承受着严重的财政困难。 Food shortages in some African countries are becoming acute. 在一些非洲国家，食物缺乏正变得严重。
Words 3> (of mind or the sense) able to notice differences; sharp敏锐的，灵敏的 e.g. The more acute observers in the west had foreseen this. 西方越来越多的观察者已经预见到了这个。 Dogs have an acute sense of smell. 狗有灵敏的嗅觉。
Phrases 1. in tune: harmoniously( often followed by with; the opposite: out of tune和谐地 e.g. His ideas are in tune with the times. 他的思想与时代一致. Her character is quite out of tune with her beauty. 她的性格与她的美貌不一致.
Phrases call the tune发号施令 change one’s tune 改变自己的主张,决定 to the tune of总共,达到 tune oneself to调整自己以适应环境 tune in to了解, 熟悉人们的见解,感想等 tune up调音
Phrases 2. in a whisper: in a low voice低声地 e.g. He bent down and addressed her in a whisper. 他弯下腰小声跟她说话。 I was awakened by hearing my own name spoken in a whisper. 我醒了因为听见有人小声叫我的名字。
Phrases 3. turn loose : allow (sth.) to be free of control 放手,放纵 e.g. The sick whale will be taken care of by the scientists before being turned loose. 这支生病的鲸鱼在被放生前，会受到科学家们精心照顾 The soldiers turned the prisoners loose one by one shortly after the city was conquered. 城市被攻占后不久，士兵把犯人一个一个地放了
Phrases let loose释放，放开 on the loose无拘束;(尤指)逍遥法外