About the slideshow The second period class of Room 217 completed this presentation in groups and as a class in order to raise awareness of local gangs and to provide a possible way to take action to combat gang activities. The gangs researched do not represent all gangs found in this area.
Female Initiations Sexed in: A die is rolled and the number rolled determines the number of sex partners the initiate must accommodate. Male Initiations Jumped in: The initiate is beaten by the other members for an indeterminate amount of time. Blessed in: If deemed worthy by the O.G., or “Original Gangsta,” founder or older member of a gang, they are automatically accepted. Do you want to join a gang?
The Most Infamous Gangs 18th StreetAryan BrotherhoodBlack Gangster DisciplesBlack Guerrilla FamilyBlack P-Stone NationBloodsCripsLatin KingsMara Salvatrucha (MS-13)Mexican MafiaNative GangsNazi Low RidersNetasNortenosNuestra FamiliaPeckerwoodsSoutheast Asian GangsSurenosVice Lords
The History • In the 1970’s in South Central Los Angeles as the Crips grew, they began targeting other gangs. • During this time, several gangs began to join forces. The most well-known gang was the Piru Street Boys. • They led the revolt against the Crips and began creating the Bloods in 1972. • Gang territories became more important as the many Bloods and Crips were fighting over drug sale locations. • Some blood members moved to several larger cities throughout the West Coast to expand their drug market. • To minimize law enforcement attention, many Blood gang members abandoned wearing obvious identifiers of gang affiliation so they could continue their illegal activities. • Then in the late 1980’s, Bloods became a household name
Gang Facts: • Territory: Los Angeles; most big cities in the U.S • Ethnicity: Mostly African-American • Membership: 30,000- 35,000 • Criminal Activities: drug trafficking, robbery, extortion, murder • Allies: People Nations, Latin Kings • Rivals: Crips, Folk Nation, and Surenos
Other facts • Bloods wear their “colors” on their right side, often with bright red shoe laces, a red belt, or a red bandana in the back, right pocket. • According to a Los Angeles Weekly profile, the Bloods refuse to use the letter “C” in words and names due to hostility towards the Crips. They often replace “C” with “3” because “C” is the 3rd letter of the alphabet.
Background Information • Founded by 16-year-old Stanley “Tookie” William in Los Angeles, California. Crips are known to have an intense rivalry with the Bloods and Mexican street gangs. They also have an on going struggle with the Vice Lords from Memphis, Tennessee. They were first called “cribs,” and the name “crips” was first introduced in an LA newspaper where it is rumored to have been spelled wrong.
Initiation and attire • There are common forms of initiation: 1.) committing an armed robbery with fellow gang members as witnesses, 2.) performing a drive-by, 3.) letting other members beat the prospective member up to show loyalty. The girls have to roll a die and the number that appears on the die is the number of partners they have to “sex” in. Since Stanley had a friend named Buddha who wore blue shirts, khakis,and a blue bandanna from his left pocket, he adopted that as the Crip “dress code” when Buddha died.
Slang and Signs used by Crips • The Crips use gang signs to identify their specific set since there are different sets of Crips. Signs are also used to flash a warning or a threat to rival gangs. Some are so elaborate that gang members can have entire conversations with each other. Common slang used is “Bk” for “blood killer.” Also, Crips commonly change words that start with “b” to start with “c.” For example, “better know that” is known as “cetaknowdat” .
The Black Mob International Gang
Information • Territorial Gang • Colors: Black And Blue • “B” with Left Hand And An “M” with Your Right • Sets: N.D.L. • Commit many crimes like murder, robbery, aggravated battery, and aggravated assault
MS-13 Gang Mara Salvatrucha 13
Appearance and Colors • Wear blue and white colors • They tend to wear gang-related tattoos • Ages range from 11 to 40 years old • Named after “La Mara”, street in El Salvador and “13th Street” in Los Angeles.
Organization and Structure • They have no structural leadership, but they are organized into cliques. • MS-13 members are moving to the United States because of laws against gangs in other countries.
MS-13 Killing • Chanda Brown, 26, was killed in Durham on August 29, 2006. The woman's assailant then dragged her body onto the sidewalk in front of the complex and continued to stab her, cutting her a total of 41 times. The symbol “MS” was carved into her thigh before the MS-13 member stomped on her head.
Sureno Sureno: Spanish name for “Southerners.” Also known as the Sur 13.
Sureno Historio • In the late 1950s, Mexican inmates in Southern California formed Sur 13, primarily to protect themselves from white inmates. • The 13 stands for the 13th letter of the alphabet, M.
Criminalo Activitio • The Surenos have been identified in almost every federal and state correctional institution in the United States.
Why a Gang? • Money • Sex appeal • Protection • A sense of belonging • Cars • Clothes • Drugs • Peer Pressure
Reasons Not To Be In a Gang • You are going to get hurt • Involved in many beatings • Involved in many intense shootings • You might die
We have no control over poverty or neighborhood. We can’t force parents to stay home from work. We can’t control criminals. What can we control? How can we help?
How can we help? • Organizations such as The Boys and Girls Club and Big Brothers and Sisters provide children and teens with an alternative to feeling alone, abandoned, and fearful. These organizations provide at-risk youth with a safe haven during the times when they are most susceptible to gang activity, immediately after school until their parents return home from work and during summer months when they are unsupervised.
So why are gangs still a problem? • These organizations are often supported by money, but people may not be as eager to donate time, especially if they do not perceive unattended youth as a problem. • People who could help are unaware of the true threat of gang activity to every aspect of the community, or they are unaware of ways that they could help to alleviate the problem.
Who could help? • People who belong to the middle and upper socio-economic classes probably have the most time to spare, especially teenagers, college-age adults, and older adults with no children of their own.
How could we gain awareness of the gang problem and encourage people to volunteer in programs that might alleviate the problem?
Suggestions • News coverage to raise awareness of gangs and of the programs that resist gangs. • A community festival that would promote interaction between at-risk youth and potential volunteers. • Community outreach to educate youth about gangs and about the alternatives.
Take Action • Use news coverage to announce gang prevention festival, creating awareness of the problem and possible solutions even amongst t.v. viewers who may not attend the festival.
Take Action • Preview festival with “mini-festivals” at local schools to reach out to students who may be unaware of the festival and of alternatives to gangs. This would also ensure the widest possible audience since some children have no transportation.
Take Action • Festival: • Promote festival with local volunteer organizations in order to show the variety of options available to youth and to volunteers. • Bring together potential volunteers with at-risk youth for a “test” day (e.g. “Big Brother/Sister for a Day”). Give all participants free passes to fun activities if they will spend the day together. This will provide an atmosphere that will be encouraging to both reluctant youth and reluctant volunteers, which may in turn foster continued participation in programs.
Take Action • Festival: • Recruit guest speakers: • Former gang members, • Police officers, • Other motivational speakers from the community. • Sponsor a walk against gangs that fosters a sense of community amongst participants from all walks of life and demonstrates community unity. • Provide live, local entertainment.
Resources: • http://www.knowgangs.com/gang_resources/profiles/bloods/ • www.gangsorus.com • Special thanks to Deputy Brian Ricks.
Opening Credits: Shanae Savage, Cristina Rekeibe, Adam Elhammoumi, Addie Ward, Janna Joyner, David Caimi
Bloods Credits: Monica Walton, Yasmin Shabaneh, Katidra Ingram,Yakira Richardson, Te’kalia Taylor, Melanie Powers
Crips Credits: Camilla Tucker, Ratanya Evans, Erika Manning, Brandon Denton, Candace McKoy
Sureno Credits: Hunter Daughtridge, Calaya Moore, Sam Vick, Sean Foehner, Ambler Speight, Patrick Tomasino
MS-13 Credits: Elizabeth Ann Springer, Valerie Christine Long, and Jaclyn Nicole Batts. Typist: Taylor Camille Williams.
The Black M.O.B. Credits: Eyad Al-Kobri, J.C. Silver, Jacob Fetty, Walter Asbell, Austin Beeman