Beginning • India • 1200 AD • Gang of criminals that roamed the country pillaging towns along the way.
American Gangs • New York City • 1800’s • New immigrants • Formed gangs by country, ethnicity • Irish Gangs: Whyos, Dead Rabbits, Plug Uglies • Jewish Gangs: Monk Eastman
New York Five Points Gang • 1890’s to 1900’s • Led by Italian immigrant Paolo Vaccarelli aka Paul Kelly • Minor league to the Sicilian Mafia (La Cosa Nostra) • Al Capone was a notorious recruit. Became a member of the James Street Gang (minor leagues)
NY gangs • Fight each other for territory. • Before Civil War membership increased because of the corruption in Government.
Al Capone • Moved to Chicago in 1919 while being sought by authorities in NY on a Gang murder.
Time line • Mid 1800’s Chinese Gangs in NY • By end of 19th Century wore distinctive jackets and clothing • Mid 1920’s 1313 gangs in Chicago. 25,000 members • No ethnic or cultural ties • During Prohibition – made the term street gang popular – organized, ruthless • Botlegging, prostitution, gambling • Called Mobs • 1920-30’s increase in Hispanic Gangs in LA
Time line • Early 1940’s Mexican Gangs formed along the West Coast of U.S. • 1940’s and 50’s Latin Kings and Vice Lords in Chi-Town • 1960’s civil strife African American street gangs formed in Chicago, LA and NY. • Savage Skulls, La Familia, Savage Nomads • 1970’s Crips were so violent in LA that the Bloods formed to challenge them.
Time line • 1970’s and early 80’s Gangs formed national alliances → national drug networks • Late 80’s early 90’s drug importation from Southeast Asia and Colombia at its peak. • U.S. #1 drug consumer in the world. • Mid 90’s crime rate decreases but gang membership increases. Led to Supergangs
Gang Quiz • It is against the law to be a member of a gang? True or False • According to a Tennessee Statute, a gang is defined as ___________ or more people. • Of the seven identifiers listed in the statute, how many must a person have to be classified as a gang member? • List three reasons gangs use graffiti.
Gang Info. • Symbol of lower income neighborhoods. • African Americans, Asians and Hispanics made up most of the gangs. • Members are in the teens and twenties. • Dress codes and code names.
Gangs to choose from. • Bloods • Crips • MS-13 • Aryan Brotherhood • LaNuestraFamilia • 18th Street Gang • Black P(eace) Stone Nation • Latin Kings • Mexican Mafia • Hell’s Angels
Assignment • History of the gang. • Are members made up of a specific race or ethnic group? • Membership Hierarchy • Colors • Clothes • How do they become a member? • Where are they? Areas, cities, states, etc. • Any other relevant information.