Gangs Colin Hemond, Ben Lau, Arik Tai, Daniel Wong
A Broken Place Arik Tai • Who: The Article deals with Native American youth living on a reserve called Hobbema, who have been drawn into gang life. • What: Hobbema fell into crime and poverty after royalties, paid by oil companies to the citizens of Hobbema to gain permission to drill for oil, were abused by the youth. • Where: The article takes place in the Native American Settlement of Hobbema, Alberta. • When: The article deals with an ongoing problem that has its roots in the 70’s and 80’s • Why: Gangs in Hobbema have their roots withirresponsible decisions made by oil companies by paying off the citizens for oil, and by the tribal elders by granting large sums of money to youths who have just turned 18. Leung, C. (2007, September 10). A Broken Place. Retrieved November 28, 2009, from elibrary curriculum edition: http://elibrary.bigchalk.com/elibweb/curriculumca/do/document?set=search&dictionaryClick=&secondaryNav=&groupid=1&requestid=lib_canada&resultid=18&edition=&ts=8F55190F22274178C2A382956C7AC415_1259430774694&start=1&publicationId=&urn=urn:bigchalk:US;BCLib;
Connections to APS • Lessons on Psychology can be learned through observation on the behavioural patterns exhibited by the youth of Hobbema when presented with large sums of money. • Lessons on Sociology can be learned through understanding on how Native American peoples may band together into street gangs. • Lessons on Anthropology can be learned by understanding the development of Native American culture and how it may make them more susceptible to exploitation. Arik Tai
Think there are no gangs in the suburbs? Think again:Gang activity is moving from the inner cities to the outer suburbs, where a lack of awareness creates fertile turf for recruiting new members. • Gang activity is moving from inner cities to suburbs. • Police are noticing more graffiti, drug deals, gang signs in schools, and other gang activity in suburban areas. • Nationally, in the United States, gang membership increased by a third between 2002 and 2007. Blanchette, A., & Estrada, H. M. (2009, May 5). Think there are no gangs in the suburbs? Think again: Gang activity is moving from the inner cities to the outer suburbs, where a lack of awareness creates fertile turf for recruiting new members. eLibrary. Retrieved November 5, 2009, from http://elibrary.bigchalk.com/elibweb/curriculumca/do/document?set=search&groupid=1&requestid=lib_canada&resultid=5&urn=urn:bigchalk:US;BCLib;document;163619224 Colin Hemond
Connections to APS • Official Statistics • Psychology • Social Group • Roles • Phenomenology • Socialization Colin Hemond
Gang Grief • Increase in gang involvement among youth. • “If there is no criminal activity, then you are not a gang.” • Youth join gangs for a sense of belonging or think they will be protected. • The positive portrayal of gangs in the media. Klein, Melissa. Gang Grief. (2009, March 1) Current Health 2. Retrieved November 5, 2009,from Elibrary database <http://elibrary.bigchalk.com/> Ben Lau
Connections to APS • Psychology: The mental processes that go through a youth’s mind when deciding to join a gang • Sociology: Roles within the gang and gangs as a social group • Social Science Research Methods: Official Statistics and Case Study • Mass Media: Glorified images of gangs in music, movies, and video games Gang Presence in Schools 1999 Gang Presence in Schools 2005 Ben Lau
Gang activity a problem in need of fixing • Gang activity increasing in Saskatchewan and Prince Albert • Lawrence Joseph, FSIN vice-chief, wants to work with the gangs and not against them • Five year plan to assist youth • Unusual plan but better and safer for community Herald, D. (2009, August 23). Gang activity a problem in need of fixing. eLibrary. Retrieved November 9, 2009, from http://elibrary.bigchalk.com/elibweb/curriculumca/do/citation?fromset=search&groupid=1&requestid=lib_canada&resultid=285&docid=92591998&urn=urn:bigchalk:US;BCLib;document;92591998&start=276 Daniel Wong
Connections to APS • Sociology – youth are pressured into joining gangs • Conformity – youth are following gang leaders • Gangs – activity is increasing Daniel Wong
The Way of the Guns • Who: The article focuses on gun violence and the murder of Jane Creba. • What: The article discusses the rising problem of gun violence. • Where: The article focuses on gun violence in Toronto • When: The article was written in 2006 and discusses the gun violence from the previous year of 2005 • Why: The article claims that gun violence occurs due to robbery and drugs, although the article points out that without guns the violence would still exist. Handelman, S. (2006, January 9). The Way of the Guns. Retrieved November 28, 2009, from elibrary curriculum edition: http://elibrary.bigchalk.com/elibweb/curriculumca/do/document?set=search&dictionaryClick=&secondaryNav=&groupid=1&requestid=lib_canada&resultid=21&edition=&ts=8F55190F22274178C2A382956C7AC415_1259430774694&start=1&publicationId=&urn=urn:bigchalk:US;BCLib; Arik Tai
The Way of the Guns: Justification • Lessons on Psychology can be learned through discussing the reasons why perpetrators of gun violence would choose to kill people for the purpose of gaining money or drugs. • Lessons on Sociology can be learned through understanding how drug and gang cultures can drive people to commit gun violence • Lessons in Anthropology can be learned through looking at cases of violence throughout history and how they relate to modern day gun violence. Arik Tai
Youth gangs as pseudo-governments implications for violent crime. • Objective: • To find out what causes gangs to become “protective agencies” • Method: • 9 years of monthly gang membership official statistics. • Conclusion: • The common theory was that gangs cause youth violence. • Youth violence is the result of increases in gang members Sobel, R S, & Osoba, B J (April 2009). Youth gangs as pseudo-governments: implications for violent crime. Southern Economic Journal, 75, 4. p.996(23). Retrieved November 22, 2009, from Academic OneFile via Gale: http://find.galegroup.com/gtx/start.do?prodId=AONE&userGroupName=ko_k12pr_d63 Colin Hemond
Youth gangs as pseudo-governments implications for violent crime: Justification • It’s a topic that involves youth and brings awareness into the classroom. • Only one page in the text book talks about gangs Colin Hemond
Understanding and Tackling Gang Violence Objective: The Manchester Project’s purpose was investigate gang shootings, but shifted to investigating issues and topics concerning gangs. Method: The social science research methods of library research and interviews were used. Conclusion: The results were disappointing as the subjects investigated were too broad. Manchester Bullock, K., & Tilley, N (Feb 2008), Understanding and tackling gang violence. Crime Prevention & Community Safety. , 10, 1. p.36(12). Retrieved November 22, 2009, from Academic OneFile via Gale: http://find.galegroup.com/gtx/infomark.do?&contentSet=IAC-Documents &type =retrieve &tabID=T002&prodId=AONE&docId=A174008920&source=gale&userGroupName=ko_k1 Ben Lau
Understanding and Tackling Gang Violence: Justification • Social science research methods • Relation to youth • Fits well in gang section of textbook Ben Lau
Ganging up Against Violence • Objective: • To prevent illegal and violent activities from criminal street gang • Help communities, schools, and police on how to deal with gangs • Method: • Researchers studied how gangs change the social world in places in the U.S. • Conclusion: • Many programs have been created to prevent gangs • Gang awareness curriculum in schools Hunzeker, D. (May 1993). Ganging up against violence. State Legislatures, 19, n5. p.28(4). Retrieved November 23, 2009, from Academic OneFile via Gale: Daniel Wong
Ganging up Against Violence: Justification • Gangs create social disorder • Funded programs are created to prevent gangs Daniel Wong
Survey: Gang Awareness Purpose: To find how aware people are of gang presence in their city Hypothesis: Most people will acknowledge the presence of gangs, but only some will have witnessed gang activity.
On a scale of 1-5, indicate the amount of gang presence or activity in your city (1 being no gang presence and 5 being gang presence in all neighborhoods of the city).
If you ever witnessed gangs, gang members, or gang activities, describe what you witnessed. • Several interesting responses from America,Scotland, and Denmark
Conclusion • Our hypothesis proved to be correct. • Shows that gangs are not present in every part of the city • Sources of error
5 Questions 1) Between 2002 and 2007, gang membership in USA increased by ________. 2) The Way of the Guns talks about the murder of ________ _______. 3) The _________ Project was supposed to imitate a similar project done in Boston. 4) What kind of gang activity have you seen? 5) If you were to join a gang, what would be your main reason and why?
Photo Citations • http://s.bebo.com/app-image/7924721556/5411656627/PROFILE/i.quizzaz.com/img/q/u/08/05/16/Latin_Kings2.jpg • http://www.thuglaws.com/Crips%20dressed%20in%20gear.jpg • http://c2.api.ning.com/files/qSMQjhU1blewxPtS-n8joVqHYzLWMOsEMBBHlKi*7ux6rhY7gyF07-Rr62GzOsGZFJtdppTksY28hIj7QYrAJrdNWMKKftJv/bloods.jpg • http://www.comunidadesegura.org/files/images/latinkings1.jpg • http://open.salon.com/blog/dragonfly/2008/08/20/give_that_18_year_old_a_beer • http://www.world-guides.com/images/united_kingdom/united_kingdom_cornwall_map.jpg • http://patdollard.com/wp-content/uploads/wpn_bloods_gun_070810_ssh.jpg • http://www.knowgangs.com/gang_resources/handsigns/menu005004.jpg • http://hiphopisland.com/Got2know/Bloods%20and%20Crips/BloodZnCripZ.png • http://chattahbox.com/images/2009/06/california_gang_members.jpg • http://bop.nppa.org/2009/thumbnails/512/107024.jpg • http://thetruthorthefight.files.wordpress.com/2009/02/ak-47.jpg • http://www.napavalleyregister.com/content/articles/2008/09/30/news/local/doc48e1a7cf79033852686743.jpg