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gangs

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gangs

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  1. gangs

  2. Definition Of A Gang • Being an organized group with some recognized leader. • Remaining together during peaceful times as well as during conflicts. • Showing unity in obvious ways. • Conducting activities that are criminal or threatening to another person, the community, or a rival.

  3. Evolution Of GangsIn America • 1700’s Irish immigrant gangs identified • 1865 First Ku Klux Klan founded in Tennessee • 1873 Industrial Revolution brought more immigrants to US • 1900 Thousands of gangs existed in US • 1912 Irish gangs decline-Italians, Jews, Chinese form gangs

  4. Evolution Continued • 1915 Second Klan group charted in Georgia • 1914-18 World War I - Gang activity diminishes • 1919 Prohibition - Golden age of Gangs • 1920 Immigration from Asia and Europe Stopped, First signs of Black gangs

  5. Evolution Continued • 1924 Klan reaches record 5 million members • 1943 World War II - Heavy migration of Blacks and Puerto Ricans to North for wartime jobs Zoot Suit Riots • 1945 White servicemen return from war and reclaim jobs displacing minority workers

  6. Evolution Continued • 1954 Desegregation triggers white supremacists activities • 1958 First Neo-Nazi movement in US • 1960’s National KKK committee meets in North Carolina • Texas prison gangs develop • Vietnam War • Black Militant movement (Black Panthers)

  7. Evolution Continued • 1970 Gang called Crips forms in LA • 1975 Vietnamese immigrate to US • 1976 Fall of Saigon • 1981 KKK membership declines • Mind control/Identity groups form • Militias form • Crack appears

  8. Shoplifting Destruction of Private Property Assault and Harassment Drive-by shootings Grand Theft Auto Drug Dealing Gun Trafficking Extortion Gang Related Crimes

  9. Looking for surrogate family Identity problems Family has gang history Lack of alternative activities Need for money Love of violence and intimidation (perceived power) Need for survival (protection) Incentives(risk factors)

  10. Says that he/she is in a gang Hangs out with other known gang members Has tattoos related to a certain gang Is involved in known gang activities and crimes Wears certain colors or types of clothing Is known by others by a moniker (nickname) Identifying PossibleGang Members

  11. Records To Keep • All records must be Confidential • Can be shared with other departments • Should have separate lists for juveniles and adults • Separate lists for confirmed and associate gang members

  12. Name Date of Birth Moniker Address and Telephone number Whether or not confirmed membership Colors Substance abuse Date/Time and reason for all contacts Affiliates with party at time of contact All information on the vehicle they are in Weapons involved or carried Record Contents

  13. Records Set-up • Try to convert lists into alphabetical order by: • Legal Name • Moniker • Gang affiliation

  14. Difficulties InvestigatingGang Related Crimes • Victims and Witnesses that are unwilling to cooperate • Police should establish contacts with the gang members • Size • Names of as many members as possible • Symbols • Graffiti • Colors

  15. Getting Information • Seek out disenchanted members • Children know what is going on in their neighborhood • Teachers, School counselors, ministers • Recreation department personnel • Play members against each other

  16. Defenses AgainstProsecution • Diminished mental capacity • Under the influence of drugs or alcohol • Self Defense

  17. Definition of Bias Crime • Page 668 of Criminal Investigations

  18. Most Notable for Bias Crimes • Ku Klux Klan • Skinheads • Biker gangs • Militias

  19. Assault Rape Arson Vandalism Robbery Burglary Murder Cross-burning Painting Swastikas Bombings Hanging Effigies Bias CrimesMost Often Seen

  20. Cults and RitualisticCrimes • A Cult is defined on page 671 of Criminal Investigations

  21. Cult Leaders • Normally a cult has a charismatic leader who develops ideas and beliefs that attract followers • Charles Manson • Jim Jones • David Koresh • Marshal Applewhite

  22. Specific Cults • Davidians • Heaven’s Gate • Wikkans • Marilyn Manson • Drac’s

  23. Investigating Ritualistic Crimes • Take sketches, photographs • Describe Colors found • Take measurements between objects • Preserve all objects as evidence

  24. "Do Not Follow in My Footsteps" • Stanley "Tookie" Williams, Surviving Crips Co-Founder • MESSAGE OF THE MOMENT • The Apology • I pray that one day my apology will be accepted. • I also pray that your suffering, caused by gang • violence, will soon come to an end ....." • Try This ! • "...when you don't admit to your mistakes and deal • with the consequences, you're probably going to keep • making the same mistakes ....."