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Zimbabwe PowerPoint Presentation

Zimbabwe

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Zimbabwe

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Presentation Transcript

  1. Zimbabwe A Study of HIV/AIDS Trends, Behaviors and Policy

  2. Topic Choice: Why? • One of the highest infections rates in the world • Illustrated several other topics studied in the course, like governance, growth, debt, education, poverty, and urban/rural sectors.

  3. Maps of Zimbabwe

  4. Four Eras of Recent History • 1980s: Economic Growth, First Infections • 1990s: Bubble Bursts, Infections Rate Spikes • 2000-2008: Land Reform, Civil War and Hyperinflation • 2008-2012: Tentative Recovery

  5. Independence

  6. Model of Growth Source: World Bank

  7. 1990s

  8. Factors for Spread • Physical • Low circumcision levels • Existence of other STDs • Behavioral • Multiple Partners • Low condom usage/misconceptions about use • Demographic • Low socio-economic status of women • Migration/mobility patterns

  9. Devastating Results • 1,000,000 deaths from 1990-2004 • Life expectancy drops to 40 • 1,000,000 orphans • Shocks micro economically and macro economically

  10. Debt

  11. 2000s-Further Decline • Land Reform • Civil War in DRC • Hyperinflation

  12. GDP

  13. HIV AIDS during this period • As of 2010, infection rate is 14.3% • How? • 40% reduction in respondents with multiple partners • 83% use of condoms rate in men

  14. What caused the decline? • Policy? (dispersion still inconsistent) • Poverty (counter-intuitive but possible) • Personal Loss (most likely)

  15. Policy Prescriptions • Domestic • Get Mugabe Out! • Develop mining resources, but keep control • Work on cross border solutions with infections and antiretroviral • International • Continue support, no matter election outcome • Help provide antiretroviral • Conciliatory towards debt demands

  16. Thank You!