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Latin American Independence

Latin American Independence

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Latin American Independence

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  1. Latin American Independence Honors World History Joanie Garratt

  2. Peninsulares • Creoles • Mestizos • Mulattos • Slaves • Native Americans Colonial social system

  3. Haiti declared independence 1791 • Toussaint L’Overture • 1801 independent • 1802 Napoleon tried to retake the island • Epidemic • In 1804 Haiti becomes 1st black colony to free itself Haiti – How the French Revolution influenced other parts of the world

  4. Priest believes in Enlightenment principles • Organizes a revolt of mestizos & Indians • El Grito de Dolores • Moralos leads after Hidalgo is executed • Independence in 1821 by Creole Mexico & Father Miguel Hidalgo

  5. Creole influenced by Enlightenment • Uses 1808 French invasion of Spain as opportunity • Together with Jose de San Martin they liberate all of Latin America by 1824 • His goal was to unite South America as one country Latin America

  6. He succeeded in creating Gran Colombia which consisted of Venezuela, Colombia and Ecuador but it fell apart due to rivalries and nationalism of individual countries. Simon Bolivar

  7. After independence Latin America fell victim to civil wars. It would be a long time before stability would be restored. Gran Colombia

  8. Bolivar wrote the Jamaica Letter while in exile. • Expresses his disillusionment because Latin America is not ready for liberal democracy. The Jamaica Letter

  9. Bolivar’s Legacy

  10. French invasion • Royal family flees & sets up gov in Brazil • Later family returns • Achieved independence without any bloodshed. • Creoles ask for independence & for Dom Padro as their leader. Brazil

  11. Latin America greatly influenced by the Enlightenment & French Revolution • Although they achieved independence they did not achieve democracy • Class struggles and bitter rivalries among nations arose. • Bolivar’s dream of a Gran Colombia (unification of all or most of Latin America) never materialized. Political Impact