Nationalism – desire for national independence, pride in your country/nation
Latin America Nationalism • Causes • Enlightenment ideas spread • Encouraged by American & French Revolutions - wanted freedom from European colonial masters
Revolution in Haiti • Slaves greatly outnumbered French • August 1791, enslaved Africans revolted led by Toussaint L’Ouverture • By 1801- Taken entire control of Haiti and freed all slaves • French seized & imprisoned him, but in 1804 his lieutenant declared the colony independent.
Revolution Spreads BOLIVAR • Creoles- Spaniards born in Latin American, not Spain. Led rebellions in 1810, when Napoleon invaded Spain kicked king off throne. • Simon Bolivar-led Venezuela’s independence from Spain, 1811-1819 • Jose de San Martin- from Argentina but helped Chile gain independence left his army with Bolivar to help Peru • Helped both Chile and Peru fight for independence. De San Martin
Mexican Independence • Led by Native Americans and mestizos (mixed European and Native ancestry) • Miguel Hidalgo- 1810- Called for rebellion against Spanish, led march toward Mexico City- defeated in 1811 • 1821, Augustin de Iturbide (Creole) declares independence independence from Spain! *Declared himself emperor- Overthrown 1823 Central America declares independence from Mexico.
Assignment • Using pages 247- 252 create a eulogy for one of the men talked about in your notes: • Include • Name • Country • Accomplishments • Death • Picture Be creative- write it as if you were going to recite this eulogy at the man’s funeral.