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Latin American Independence

Latin American Independence

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Latin American Independence

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  1. Latin American Independence In this lesson, students will be able to explain the accomplishments of the following individuals: Toussaint L’Ouverture Jose de San Martin Simon Bolivar Miguel Hidalgo E. Napp

  2. The American and French Revolutions spread the idea that people were entitled to a government that protected their interests. E. Napp

  3. When Napoleon conquered Spain, Latin Americans were able to govern themselves. E. Napp

  4. Reasons for Nationalist Movements • Latin Americans resented restrictions that forbade them to trade with countries other than Spain. • Latin Americans resented restrictions that prevented them from manufacturing their own goods. • The American and French Revolutions encouraged freedom and self-rule. E. Napp

  5. After Napoleon’s defeat, many Latin American colonies refused to return to Spanish rule and demanded independence. E. Napp

  6. Toussaint L’Ouverture led an uprising of African slaves in 1791, forcing the French out of Haiti. E. Napp

  7. Haiti was the first Latin American colony to achieve independence. E. Napp

  8. Simon Bolivar defeated Spanish forces between 1819 and 1825, liberating Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia. E. Napp

  9. Jose de San Martin worked to liberate Argentina and Chile from Spanish rule in the years 1816 to 1818. E. Napp

  10. Miguel Hidalgo, a priest, began a rebellion against Spanish rule in Mexico in 1810, but the uprising failed. Mexico later achieved its independence in 1821. E. Napp

  11. President Monroe of the United States issued the Monroe Doctrine in 1823. It stated the United States would oppose any attempt by Europeans to establish new colonies in the Americas. E. Napp

  12. The Monroe Doctrine made it clear to the world that the United States had special interests in the Western Hemisphere. E. Napp

  13. After independence, dictatorships, unstable governments, and poverty affected many Latin American nations. Land and wealth remained in the hands of a small elite. Caudillos or military leaders ruled in some places. E. Napp

  14. Questions for Reflection: • What were the causes of the Latin American independence movements? • Who was Toussaint L’Ouverture and what did he accomplish? • What were the accomplishments of Simon Bolivar and Jose de San Martin? • Compare and contrast Miguel Hidalgo and Toussaint L’Ouverture. • What happened to the newly independent nations? E. Napp