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Latin American independence PowerPoint Presentation
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Latin American independence

Latin American independence

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Latin American independence

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  1. Review and Vocabulary Latin American independence

  2. Conquistadors Hernando Cortes in Mexico Francisco Pizarro in Peru By the mid 16th century Spain’s American empire includes New Spain (Mexico and Guatemala), and land in Central and South America and the Caribbean Let’s review…

  3. Let’s review…

  4. http://vimeo.com/groups/7988/videos/13710580 http://www.history.com/videos/gold-pizarros-mayan-conquest#gold-pizarros-mayan-conquest Video review!

  5. Spanish conquistadors topple the Aztecs, Incas, and Mayans Colonists oppressed the native people Encomienda Many natives are abused and worked to death Let’s review…

  6. Peninsulare • In Spanish colonial society, colonists who were born in Spain • Only peninsulares could hold high office in Spanish colonial government

  7. Creole • In Spanish colonial society, a colonist who was born in Latin America to Spanish parents • Could be high-ranking officers in colonial army

  8. Together they control the land, wealth, and power in Spanish colonies Peninsulares and creoles

  9. Mulatto • Persons of mixed European and African ancestry

  10. Mestizo • Persons of mixed European and Indian ancestry

  11. Peninsulares Creoles Mestizos Mulattos Enslaved Africans Indians Social structure

  12. Social structure

  13. Wordle

  14. Simon Bolivar • Creole general • Venezuela declared independence in 1811 • Numerous defeats, exiled twice • Decisive victory in 1819 • Wins independence in 1821 • Works with José de San Martin to liberate others

  15. José de san martin • Born in Argentina, spent much time in Spain as a military officer • Returned to Latin America to be a part of its liberation • Liberator of Argentina, Chile, and Peru • Left his army for Bolivar to command

  16. Miguel hidalgo • Firmly believed in Enlightenment ideas • Issued a call for rebellion against Spain, known as the grito de Dolores (the cry of Dolores) • Led an Indian and Mestizo army to Mexico City

  17. José Maria Morelos • Takes over for Hidalgo after his defeat in 1811 • Leads the revolution in Mexico for four years • Defeated by Agustin de Iturbide, a Creole officer, in 1815 • Tried for treason and executed by firing squad

  18. B O L I V A R Acrostic

  19. S A N M A R T I N ACROSTIC

  20. H I D A L G O ACROSTIC

  21. M O R E L O S ACROSTIC