Facts about STI’s • Invisible • Asymptomatic • Abstinence • One exposure is enough • Increasing # of partners increases spread • Testing is required
Symptoms Most common symptom: NO SYMPTOMS!!!!
Best Method of Prevention? Abstinence!
Viral STI’s • HPV (Human Papillomavirus) • HIV/AIDS • Hepatitis B • Hepatitis C • Genital Herpes
Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) • HPV is the most common cause of cervical cancer • Skin to skin sexual contact, HPV is a common virus that can cause warts or abnormal cell changes that lead to cancer • vaginal, oral or anal sex • There is a link between HPV and cancer of the vulva, vagina, anus, penis, and throat • There is a vaccine available to protect against HPV
HIV HIV - Human Immunodeficiency Virus AIDS - Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Genital Herpes Spread by direct contact with the sore or blisters but can also be spread by shedding of the skin that contains the virus (before outbreak). Sores on the mouth or lips and on or around the genital area Symptoms start 2-21 days after contact
Bacterial STI’s Chlamydia Gonorrhea Syphilis
Some Outcomes of STI’s PID…Pelvic Inflammatory Disease caused by untreated chlamydia and gonorrhea…can lead to…Sterility Sterility…both male and females.
Syphilis An infection that progresses in stages Oral, vaginal or anal sex or direct contact with a sore Many people have NO symptoms
Spread of STI’s • Genital to genital (vaginal secretions, semen; skin to skin) • Genital - mouth • Genital - anus • Blood to blood NOTE: one person needs to have the viral or bacterial infection in order to pass it on.
Best Method of Prevention? • Abstinence!
Condoms (Male and Female) • Consistently- every time! • Expiry date • Care in opening • Latex or Polyurethane • Appropriate timing – on and off • Space at tip of condom If used correctly and all the time, very effective in preventing STI’s.
Where to get Tested? Abbotsford Health Unit – 604-864-3400 Options for Sexual Health Doctor’s office Walk-in Clinics websites… STIresource.com wontgettheyird.com Factsoflifeline.com sexualityandu.com