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Sexually Transmitted Infections

Sexually Transmitted Infections

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Sexually Transmitted Infections

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  1. Sexually Transmitted Infections Adapted From: Sexually Transmitted Infections Pamphlet. Public Health Agency of Canada, 2007

  2. In Canada and around the world, the trend is clear: sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are on the rise. In Canada, some of the highest rates and increased in STIs are in young people ages 15 to 24. One of the primary defenses in the fight against STIs is awareness. With the right information, individuals can make informed choices and better protect themselves and their partners.

  3. Different types of sexual activities that can transfer infections include: • Oral sex • Vaginal sex • Anal sex • Skin-to-skin contact for some infections

  4. Infections can be transferred through the exchange of bodily fluids like: • Blood • Semen • Vaginal secretions • Saliva • Breast milk

  5. Types of Sexually Transmitted Infections

  6. Class Activity: • “STI Game Board” Adapted from: Sort Out the Sexually Transmitted Diseases. Su Nottingham, 1996

  7. Chlamydia

  8. Chlamydia

  9. Gonorrhea

  10. Gonorrhea

  11. HPV(Genital Warts)

  12. HPV

  13. Hepatitis B

  14. Hepatitis B

  15. Herpes

  16. Herpes

  17. HIVHumanImmunodeficiencyVirus

  18. HIV

  19. Syphilis

  20. Syphilis

  21. BONUS Which two STIs have vaccinations?

  22. Partner Notification It is critical to tell your partner(s) to prevent the spread of STIs and to prevent complications. While it may be difficult to talk about sexual health problems, it is important for anyone who thinks they have an STI or tests positive for one to tell his/her current and past partner(s). A public health professional will contact your partners confidentially.

  23. Reducing Risks Condoms are important to reduce the risks of transmitting STIs, even if other methods of birth control are being used to prevent pregnancy. Condoms should be used every time you choose to have intercourse. If an infection is detected, it is recommended that the infected individual and their partner(s) abstain from sexual activity until treatment is complete, symptoms have subsided, and the infection is cured (when applicable).

  24. Remember. . . When you have sex with someone, you are having sex with everyone they have had sex with; and everyone they have had sex with; and so on, and so on, and so on…

  25. Optional Activity:The HandshakeVirus Adapted from: Beyond the Basics: A Sourcebook on Sexual and Reproductive Health Education. Canadian Federation for Sexual Health, 2005.