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Sexually Transmitted Infections PowerPoint Presentation
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Sexually Transmitted Infections

Sexually Transmitted Infections

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Sexually Transmitted Infections

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  1. Sexually Transmitted Infections

  2. What is a Sexually Transmitted Infection?

  3. True or False The most common symptom of a sexually transmitted infection is white, pasty discharge False

  4. vs. Viral Bacterial • Infection caused by virus • No cure • Symptoms are treatable • 4 H’s –HIVHPVHerpesHepatitis • Infection caused by bacteria • Cured with antibiotics • Chlamydia • GonorrheaSyphilis

  5. Chlamydia • Most common bacterial STI • Asymptomatic • Discharge in later stages • Treated with antibiotics On average, there were 988 chlamydia infections reported in Middlesex-London each year between 2000 and 2010 The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada, 2012

  6. Chlamydia The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada, 2012

  7. True or False Gonorrhea is more common in men than in women • True

  8. Gonorrhea • Second most common bacterial infection • 2/3 cases reported are men • Treated with antibiotics • Can be asymptomatic • Symptoms: • Pain during intercourse • Thick, yellow discharge • Testicular pain The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada, 2012

  9. Gonorrhea The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada, 2012

  10. Syphilis • Oldest known STI – bacterial • Can infect the entire body • Progresses in stages • Treated with antibiotics The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada, 2012

  11. Syphilis The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada, 2012

  12. Genital Herpes • Caused by Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV-2) • Small blister-like sores on penis or vagina • Symptoms develop 2-12 days after infection • Outbreak resolves in 15-25 days • Not curable – in your body forever The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada, 2012

  13. Genital Herpes The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada, 2012

  14. Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) • Over 100 types of HPV • Some can be asymptomatic • Others can cause genital warts • Warts can be treated with topical medication, cryotherapy, laser therapy The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada, 2012

  15. HPV Prevention What is the name of the vaccine offered to prevent infection from HPV? Gardasil

  16. True or False Gardasil can only be given to girls False

  17. Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada, 2012

  18. Hepatitis • Virus that affects the liver • Types A, B, C • Vaccine available for Hep A & B • Type A is NOT sexually transmitted. Infection occurs from ingesting contaminated food or water often while travelling. • Type B is sexually transmitted • Type C is transmitted through blood, usually spread through the sharing of needles Public Health Agency of Canada, 2012

  19. Hepatitis B Symptoms • Poor appetite • Nausea & vomiting • Feeling very tired and unwell • Jaundice The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada, 2012

  20. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) • The virus destroys cells in your body that fight off infection • Infected through body fluids such as blood, semen, vaginal fluids and breast milk • AIDS is later stage The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada, 2012

  21. For further information contact Your School Nurseor visit The Clinic at the Middlesex-London Health Unit

  22. Questions?