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Today we will

Today we will

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Today we will

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  1. Today we will • Examine the humanistic theories of Abraham Maslow • Compare the views of Rogers and Maslow psychlotron.org.uk

  2. What do people need in order to lead fulfilling lives? psychlotron.org.uk

  3. Abraham Maslow • Shared humanistic assumptions with Rogers • Holism • Freedom • Growth • Subjectivity psychlotron.org.uk

  4. Self actualisation Maslow’s hierarchy of needs Esteem needs Belonging needs Safety needs Physiological needs psychlotron.org.uk

  5. Salient needs At any time only a subset of needs is salient. As those needs are met we start to orient ourselves towards those that come next For various reasons, lower needs may arise and take temporary priority Salient needs psychlotron.org.uk

  6. Needs from the past Salient needs Periods of deprivation can result in a person becoming fixated on needs that are subsequently met. This results in neurotic thinking and behaviour. Salient needs psychlotron.org.uk

  7. Self actualisation • People who fulfill their potential • Their own needs are met, so start looking outward to others • Reality centred • Problem oriented • Autonomous • Non-conformist • Rare people (1 in 50?), generally recognised as outstanding psychlotron.org.uk

  8. Can we identify any potential self actualisers? psychlotron.org.uk

  9. Maslow’s contribution • Widely applied ideas with a particular impact on education and management • Promotes a humane, ethical stance towards people • Relatively rare emphasis on normality & positive aspiration psychlotron.org.uk

  10. Rogers Maslow psychlotron.org.uk