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  1. Noun • Person, place, thing or idea! • Examples:

  2. Common Noun: • Names any one of a group of persons, places, things, or ideas. • Example: • Books

  3. Proper Nouns • Names a particular person, place, or thing. • Examples: • Library of Congress

  4. Concrete Noun • Names a person, place, or thing that can be perceived by one or more of the senses (sight, hearing, taste, touch, and smell) • Examples: • Money

  5. Abstract Nouns • Names an idea, a feeling, a quality, or a characteristic (you can’t touch it) • Examples: • Generosity

  6. Collective Nouns • Word that names a group. • Examples: • Flock • Crew

  7. Compound Nouns • Is made up of two or more words used together as a single noun • Examples: • World Series

  8. “The Witch” Noun Identification • In the following poem, fill out the noun column of the provided chart with all of the nouns you find throughout the stanzas.

  9. The Witch by Jack Prelutsky St1: She comes by night, in fearsome flight, In garments black as pitch, The Queen of Doom upon her broom, The wild and wicked witch, St2: A cackling crone with brittle bones And desiccated limbs, Two evil eyes with warts and sties And bags about the rims, St3: A dangling nose, ten twisted toes And folds of shriveled skin, Cracked and chipped and crackled lips That frame a toothless grin. St4: She hurtles by, she sweeps the sky And hurls a piercing screech. As she swoops past, a spell is cast On all her curses reach. St5: Take care to hide when the wild witch rides To shriek her evil spell. What she may do with a word or two Is much too grim to tell.

  10. Pronouns • A word that takes the place of a noun. • I, you, he, she, it, we, they, me, you, him, her, it, us, them, my, your, yours, his, her, hers, its, our, ours, their, theirs

  11. Subjective Pronouns • Subject pronouns: are used when the pronoun is the subject of the sentence. • You can remember subject pronouns easily by filling in the blank subject space for a simple sentence.   • Example:______ did the job.I, you, he, she, it, we, and they all fit into the blank and are, therefore, subject pronouns.

  12. Objective Pronouns • Object pronouns: pronouns that take the place of objects. • Object pronouns are me, you, him, her, it, us, and them.

  13. Hold Up! • So what’s the difference between a subject of a sentence and an object? • A subject is something that does something. An object is something that gets things done to it.Jill went to the store.Jill did something --she's the subject. The sentence is really about her. The verb ("went") describes what Jill did.The store: Got something done to it (had Jill go to it). No verbs to describe anything about the store.

  14. Possessive Pronouns • Possessive pronouns show ownership and never need apostrophes. (tells whose it is) • Possessive pronouns: mine, yours, his, hers, its, ours, theirs

  15. Adverbs! • Adverbs: modify verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs. • Adverbs can make your writing more precise, interesting, and dramatic by telling more about the verbs in your sentences.

  16. Adverbs & Verbs!! • When adverbs modify verbs, they usually tell how, when, or where. • Examples: How did Josh run? He ran quickly. When did Josh run? He ran yesterday. Where did Josh run? He ran away.

  17. Adverbs & Adjectives! • When adverbs modify adjectives, they usually tell how or to what extent. • Examples: • How silly is Mr. Bernstein? • He is very silly. • To what extent is Ms. Wynn serious? • She is too serious.

  18. Adverbs & Adverbs??? • Adverbs can also modify other adverbs by telling how or to what extent. • Examples: • How does Marc skate? • He skates very fast. • To what extent does Anna understand German? • She understands it extremely well.

  19. EXTRAS • Many but not all adverbs end in –ly. • The words “not” and “never” are always adverbs. • Examples: Darryl would not eat his liverwurst sandwich. (Not is an adverb modifying the verb eat.) • My stepfather’s stories are never boring. (Never is an adverb modifying the adjective boring.)

  20. How? • When? • Where? • To what extent?

  21. Interjections • A word used to express emotion! • Examples: • Hey! Did you see those deer? • Well, we played hard and did our best. • We could, oh, have a picnic. • Ugh! I should have caught that ball.

  22. Interjections • Where is the interjection in the following sentences? • Ah, now I understand what to do. • Ouch! Another mosquito bit me. • Oh! What beautiful flowers those are! • Hey, we need to get ready, or we will be late. • Excellent! Let’s go right away. • I like playing this computer game, but, gee, it’s complicated. • The team finally won a game. Hooray! • Well, Guido, what did you learn from the field trip to the aquarium.

  23. Interjections • The most amazing 3 minutes of your life:

  24. Comic Strip Madness! • Find a partner! • You and your partner will create a comic strip utilizing at least 5 INTERJECTIONS. • You must have at least 4 scenes/slides • No stick figures, be artistic • Color it, work hard, make it worth reading! • Appropriate and able to pass around and share!

  25. Prepositions • A word that shows the relationship of a noun or pronoun, called the object of the preposition, to another word. • Examples: • The leader of the scout troop led the scouts out of the woods. • The scout troop went on a hike.

  26. Prepositional Phrases • All together, the preposition, its object, and any modifiers of the object are called a prepositional phrase. • Examples: • Which flowers grow best in this sandy soil? • Maya Angelou grew up in rural Arkansas.

  27. The tiger ran • Into the kitchen • Out of the woods • Over the fence • In the dark • In the silence • Independent clause • Prepositional Phrase • Prepositional Phrase • Prepositional Phrase • Prepositional Phrase • Prepositional Phrase

  28. Prepositions • Now it’s your turn to write your own version of Rosie’s Walk! • I know this is an elementary book, but it is absolutely filled with prepositions! I want to see you create your own and find creative ways to involve prepositions!

  29. Rosie’s Walk Example Kitty’s Walk Kitty, the cat, went for a walkthrough the kitty dooracross the deckunder the bird bathover the fencearound the houseand down the road just in time to catch a mouse.

  30. Prepositions • “Hills Like White Elephants” Excerpt Activity

  31. Adjectives • A word used to modify a noun or a pronoun. • Modifies a word by telling what kind, which one, how much, or how many. • May come before or after the word it modifies. • The most frequently used adjectives are the articles a, an, the.

  32. Adjectives • Examples: • Mr. Cruz collects Egyptianart. • Sara won first prize. • Do you have enough money for the tickets? • Our computer club has fifty-seven members. • Thesoccer players, confident and enthusiastic, were ready to begin the game.

  33. Demonstrative Adjectives • This, that, these, and thosecan be used as both adjectives and as pronouns. When they modify nouns or pronouns they are called demonstrative adjectives. When they take the place of nouns or pronouns, they are called demonstrative pronouns. • Example: That building is much taller than this. (“That” is a DA, “this” is a DP) • These stories are the best I’ve ever read. (“These” is a DA, “I’ve” is a DP)

  34. Proper Adjectives • Formed from a proper noun and begins with a capital letter. • Examples: • Mark Twain is one of the most popular American authors. • I have a CD of the singer Frank Sinatra performing Cole Porter songs.

  35. Adjectives • As a class, lets find the adjectives, including the articles a, an, and the. • Jenny Lind was a popular Swedish singer with a beautiful voice. • Jenny Lind starred in several operas and gained a great audience in Europe. • The extraordinary performer delighted audiences for fifty-three years.

  36. Mystery Meat Activity… • Please complete the mystery meat activity that is being passed out. • Make sure to read the directions clearly and complete all aspects of the activity. • Worth 15 points!

  37. Adjective Poems • Get out a sheet of paper and write your name, the date, and the period on it. • Please write the name of one object at the top of your paper. • Quickly and quietly move your desks into a large circle. • Place your paper on your desk and stand in front of it. • Walking around the circle write an adjective for each persons object on their sheet. • After everyone has put an adjective on each object you will write a poem using the adjectives others have put with your object. • BE CREATIVE!

  38. Conjunctions • A word used to join words or groups of words. • Examples: • The river flows through several states and empties into the Gulf of Mexico. • They took vacations not only in July, but also in December.

  39. Conjunctions • Second most amazing 3 minutes of your life!

  40. Coordinating Conjunctions • Coordinating Conjunctions: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so – join words or groups of words. • Example: Would you rather have shrimp or salmon for dinner?!

  41. Correlative Conjunctions • Correlative Conjunctions: pairs of conjunctions that join words or word groups that are used in the same way. Both….and, either…or, neither…nor, not only…but also, and whether…or. • Example: Both Zina and Jada can play the guitar.

  42. Let’s Practice! • Create two simple sentences! • Example: • Mary likes water. • The sheep likes oats. • Connect your simple sentences using a coordinating conjunction.

  43. Conjunction Coupons • Get out a sheet of paper and put your name, the date, and the period on it. • You are going to fold your paper two ways to make four boxes. • In each box you are going to create a coupon using multiple conjunctions. • The coupons can be about anything. Be creative! • Use 3 conjunctions per coupon! • Circle your conjunctions!