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Grammar Review

Grammar Review

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Grammar Review

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  1. Grammar Review Sentence Types

  2. Phrases & Clauses What’s the Difference?

  3. A clause is a group of words that has a subject & a verb. A phrase is a group of words that does not have a subject & a verb.

  4. This is a clause. Example: if the rain never stops

  5. This is a clause. Example: if the rain never stops (subject) (verb)

  6. This is a phrase. for breakfast (does not have a subject and a verb)

  7. This is a phrase. for breakfast

  8. Let’s practice.

  9. I(independent) D(dependent) Clauses: There are two different types of clause: independent & dependent. Identifying the difference between the two will be essential to understanding sentence types.

  10. I An independent clause can stand on its own as a sentence. It is a complete idea.

  11. D A dependent clausecannot stand on its own and needs an independent clause to become a complete idea/sentence.

  12. I Example: Apple looked out across the river.

  13. D Example: While Apple looked out across the river (This clause can not stand on its own. It needs an independent clause to support it.)

  14. D,I For instance: While Apple looked out across the river, she contemplated the meaning of life.

  15. Or ID For instance: I sat quietly relaxingwhile Apple looked out across the river.

  16. Simple Sentences A simple sentence is one independent clause. It might have phrases mixed in, but it only has one subject/verb combination.

  17. Simple Sentence Example: Last Saturday, Apple spitefully locked Hayden out of the car.

  18. Is this a simple sentence? Last Saturday, Apple spitefully locked Hayden out of the car after she discovered him playing ball with another pup.

  19. Nope. It has two clauses. It’s an ID. Last Saturday, Apple spitefully locked Hayden out of the car after shediscovered him playing ball with another pup.

  20. Is this a simple sentence? After receiving an apology, Apple forgave him and enjoyed a snuggle on the way home.

  21. Yes, it has one clause. After receiving an apology, Apple forgave him and enjoyed a snuggle on the way home.

  22. Let’s write a simple sentence about this picture together.

  23. Now write a couple of simple sentences on your own about one of these pictures.

  24. Compound Sentences A compound sentence has two independent clauses. There are two types: I,fanboy I and I;I.

  25. Most Common Compound Sentence I,fanboy I for and nor but or yet ...and sometimes so

  26. Compound Sentence I,fanboy I Apple doesn’t know how to read, but she loves to get cozy on the couch and listen to stories.

  27. Compound Sentence I,fanboy I Apple doesn’t know how to read, butshe loves to get cozy on the couch and listen to stories.

  28. Is this a compound sentence? I,fanboy I Fall is here, and Apple is already anticipating the Halloween season in her festive pumpkin dress.

  29. Yes. I,fanboy I Fall is here, andApple is already anticipating the Halloween season in her festive pumpkin dress.

  30. I;I Apple, native to Mexico, prefers to stay bundled up in the winter; she enjoys a stylish, red, down coat to keep her warm.

  31. I;I Apple, native to Mexico, prefers to stay bundled up in the winter; she enjoys a stylish, red, down coat to keep her warm.

  32. I;I Apple, native to Mexico, prefers to stay bundled up in the winter; she enjoys a stylish, red, down coat to keep her warm.

  33. What’s this? I;I Apple, native to Mexico, prefers to stay bundled up in the winter; she enjoys a stylish, red, down coat to keep her warm.

  34. What kind of compound sentence is this? This is Apple’s uncle, Mr. Fig; he lives in Milton and is afraid of life.

  35. It’s an I;I. This is Apple’s uncle, Mr. Fig; he lives in Milton and is afraid of life.

  36. What kind of compound sentence is this? Apple enjoys spending her days luxuriating in the soft warmth of sun spots, so she follows the sun throughout the house.

  37. I,fanboy I Apple enjoys spending her days luxuriating in the soft warmth of sun spots, soshe follows the sun throughout the house.

  38. Complex Sentences A complex sentence has one independent clause and one (or more) dependent clauses. There are two types: D, I & ID.

  39. D,I Because Apple is a dedicated friend, she stayed by Hayden’s bedside and slowly nursed him back to health through providing unlimited snuggles.

  40. ID Apple stayed by Hayden’s bedside and slowly nursed him back to health through providing unlimited snuggles because she is a dedicated friend.

  41. D,I Because Apple has an unpleasant habit of sticking her tongue up noses, you shouldn’t allow her near your face.

  42. ID You shouldn’t allow Apple near your face because she has an unpleasant habit of sticking her tongue up noses.

  43. D,I Because Ball never leaves Apple’s side, it feels like he is a part of the family.

  44. ID It feels like Ball is a part of the family because he never leaves Apple’s side.