Grammar Review By: Jessalyn Rathbone & Rebecca Craig
There are 7 different types of verb tenses These include: simple present, simple past, present progressive, past progressive, present perfect, past perfect, and future time. Verb Tense
Verb Tense Cont. • Simple Present: used for an action that occurs regularly or for actions or conditions that are always true • Simple Past: names an action that already happened • Present Progressive: names an action that is continuing in the present • Past Progressive: names an action that continued from the past • Present Perfect: happened at indefinite time or an action that happened and is still happening • Past Perfect: names an action that took place before another action in the past • Future Time: names an action that will be completed before another future event begins
Verb Tense Examples • Simple Present: School happens every weekday. • Simple Past: I walked to school. • Present Progressive: She is crying. • Past Progressive: We were jumping. • Present Perfect: She has practiced. • Past Perfect: We had walked. • Future Time: We shall walk together.
Verb Tense Review Questions • How many different types of verb tenses are there? • Give an example of a sentence with a simple past verb.
The Complex Sentence • A complex sentence is made up of: • Capital letter + dependent clause + comma + independent clause + a period
The Dependant Clause • A dependent clause has a subject and a verb but is lacking a complete thought • A dependent clause cannot stand by itself as a sentence
Complex Sentence and Dependent Clause Examples • Complex sentence: We had to leave the party, because the room was too crowded. • Dependent clause: because the room was too crowded.
Complex Sentence and the Dependent Clause Review Questions • What is a dependent clause? • Give an example of a complex sentence with a dependent clause.
Main Verbs and Helping Verbs • Main Verb: can stand by itself as the simple predicate of the sentence • Helping Verb: helps the main verb express action or show time • There are four different types of helping verbs: forms of be, forms of do, forms of have, and others
Main Verbs and Helping Verbs Examples • Main Verbs: run, think, read, swim, etc. • Forms of Be: be, am, are, was, were, and been • Forms of Do: do, does, and did • Forms of Have: have, has, and had • Others: may, might, can, could, will, would, shall, and should
Main Verb and Helping Verbs Review Questions • What is a main verb? • What is an example of a helping verb in the form of do?
Answers to Review Questions Verb Tense • 7 • Ex: I walked to school. Complex Sentence and Dependent Clause • The part of a complex sentence that cannot stand alone • Ex: We had to leave the party, because the room was too crowded. Main Verb and Helping Verb • Can stand by itself as the simple predicate in the sentence • Do, does, or did