Grammar Review • Comma splice: • “the attempt to join two independent clauses with a comma, but without a coordinator” (Blue p7) • Example: I got up late this morning, I didn't have time for breakfast. • Solution: I got up late this morning. I didn't have time for breakfast. • Or: I got up late this morning, so I didn't have time for breakfast.
Practice 1. Julie is a real hypochondriac when her stomach hurts, she is certain that she has a bleeding ulcer, and if she has a backache, she believes that she has cancer of the spine. A. comma splice B. fused sentence 2. My cat Buster loves to nap on warm appliances when he sleeps on top of the television, his tail swipes the screen like a windshield wiper. A. comma splice B. fused sentence 3. In preparation for the quiz, La'Mia studied comma splices and fused sentences until she thought her brain would burst, finally, she put away her notes, convinced that she would remember the rules even on her death bed. A. comma splice B. fused sentence
Grammar, con. • Nonrestrictive Clause • “tell you something about a preceding subject, but they do not limit, or restrict, the meaning of that subject” (“Clauses”) • Example: “I am going home,” said Tommy. • This phrase can be moved within the sentence, therefore it is not restrictive.
Grammar, con. • Restrictive Clause • “limit the possible meaning of a preceding subject” (“Clauses”). • Example: The book, Eats, Shoots, and Leaves, is an informative collection of punctuation tips and rules. • This phrase cannot be taken out because it explains part of the sentence.
Citations • http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/01/ • “He walked to the grocery store” (McWhorter 3) • I saw that he ate gobbledigook” (Adams 34). • “In the United States, birds tend to nose dive into windows.” • “Today was a good day (Ice Cube 4).”