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North America Background Info

North America Background Info. Answers to Questions. Which two countries make up the North America region for purposes of our class?. United States & Canada. What smaller political units make up the United States?. 50 states, 16 territories, and a federal district.

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North America Background Info

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  1. North America Background Info Answers to Questions

  2. Which two countries make up the North America region for purposes of our class? • United States & Canada

  3. What smaller political units make up the United States? • 50 states, 16 territories, and a federal district

  4. What does it mean that the United States has 48 “contiguous” states? • 48 states that make up the central landmass of the U.S. • 48 states that are connected • The “Continental United States”

  5. Which parts of the U.S. are not “contiguous”? • 2 states (Alaska & Hawaii) and 16 territories • 16 territories in the Pacific and Caribbean • 5 populated—9unpopulated

  6. Why is the U.S. one of the world’s most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations? • It is a product of LARGE-scale migration from many countries

  7. What else about the U.S. is extremely diverse? • The geography and climate • This is why we HAVE to break them up into sub-regions to study them

  8. Why did many move to the northeastern states during the late 1800s? • Rapid industrialization • Created job opportunities for those in the South and European immigrants

  9. What lead many to migrate to the western U.S.? • The transcontinental railroad was built; the Homestead Act • Asian immigrants came for economic opportunities

  10. Why do people primarily migrate to the U.S., as well as within the U.S.? • Economic opportunities • Immigrants primarily from Less Developed Countries

  11. Besides the factor mentioned in #9, what has recently lead to migration within the U.S.? • Natural disasters • Hurricanes, tornadoes, and earthquakes

  12. How has the U.S. been able to maintain its position as a global economic power? • Multiple factors including vast and diverse natural resources, a large and educated workforce, and strategic location • Hence the push to maintain a quality education!

  13. What type of economy is the U.S. an example of, though not a pure one? • Market Economy • Private individuals and organizations determine most of the decisions about production and labor • Supply & Demand

  14. What does Globalization allow for? • Some businesses to expand into new markets in other countries; BUT • It also leads to the closing of other businesses and industries in one country, often because the product can be produced for less cost in developing nations

  15. What smaller political units make up Canada? • 10 provinces and 3 territories

  16. What rank is Canada in total land area in the world? • 2nd in the World (9.98 million square kilometers) • Russia is 1st

  17. What is significant about the border shared by the U.S. and Canada? • World’s longest land border shared by two countries • Called “International Boundary” • 5,525 miles (plus 1,538 miles along Alaska border)

  18. Who originally lived in the area currently considered to be Canada? • Inhabited for millennia by various Aboriginal groups

  19. Which European nations settled there? • British and French • French ceded nearly all colonies to UK in 1763

  20. What type of government does Canada have? • Federal Parliamentary Democracy and Constitutional Monarchy • Federal = Central government and separate province governments • Parliamentary = Elected officials and Prime Minister • Democracy = People vote • Constitutional = People have power • Monarchy = King/Queen (no political power)

  21. Describe Canada’s economy. • Developed country • 9th highest per capita income in the world • 11th ranked in HDI • High in education, government transparency, civil liberties, quality of life, and economic freedom

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