Understanding verb tense What are the verb tenses? Present and present perfect Past and past perfect Future and future perfect Consistency of tense Modals Review A Review B
What are the verb tenses? Verbs do a lot of work in sentences. They show actions and states of being. They even take different forms to show time. flies flew will fly
What are the verb tenses? The tense of a verb indicates the time of the action or state of being expressed by the verb. Perfect tenses indicate that something happened or existed before a specific point in time. Present Future Past Past Future Present Past Perfect Present Perfect Future Perfect She will have played inten concerts by April. She has played in the band for three years. Gwen will play in a concert tomorrow. She had played violin before then. Gwen plays guitar in a jazz band. Gwen played last year as well.
What are the verb tenses? Each tense has a progressive form, which is used to express continuing action or state of being. am, are, is talking Present progressive was, were talking Past progressive will (shall) be talking Future progressive has, have been talking Present perfect progressive had been talking Past perfect progressive will (shall) have been talking Future perfect progressive
What are the verb tenses?Present and present perfect The present tense expresses an action or a state of being that is occurring now, at the present time. Today we honor our veterans. Polly is marching in the parade. (Progressive form)
What are the verb tenses?Present and present perfect The present perfect tense • expresses an action or a state of being that occurred at an indefinite time in the past • is usually formed using the helping verbhave or has plus the past participle Mike has been in several parades. He has played the drum in all of them.
What are the verb tenses?Present and present perfect The present perfect tense is also used to express an action or state of being that began in the past and continues into the present. In this case, perfect means complete. Mr. Lee has taught music at our school since 2004. (Progressive form) Yoko has been taking flute lessons for six years.
What are the verb tenses?Past and past perfect The past tense expresses an action or a state of being that occurred in the past but did not continue into the present. The two friends shared the large swing. They were swinging for a long time. (Progressive form)
What are the verb tenses?Past and past perfect The past perfect tense • expresses an action or a state of being that ended before another past action or state of being occurred • is usually formed using had plus the past participle After Maria had gone home, Kim was bored. She asked her dad about the time that he had been a lifeguard at the beach.
What are the verb tenses?Future and future perfect The future tense • expresses an action or a state of being that will occur • is usually formed using will or shall plus the base form My family will ride the train to Chicago. We will bearriving at five o’clock. (Progressive form)
What are the verb tenses?Future and future perfect The future perfect tense • expresses an action or a state of being that will end before another future action or state of being • is usually formed using will have or shall have plus the past participle By the time you receive this letter, she will have returned home. After this trip, he will have been to Chicago three times.
What are the verb tenses? On Your Own Change the tense of the verb in each sentence, as indicated in parentheses. 1. I do not miss the bus. (Change to future.) 2. Were they at the party? (Change to past perfect.) 3. By then, Keith had returned. (Change to future perfect.) 4. The team will practice for an hour with no break. (Change to future perfect progressive.) 5. My sister dances well. (Change to past.) [End of Section]
Consistency of tense Do not change needlessly from one tense to another. To describe events that occur at the same time, use verbs in the same tense. past tense past tense Sara peeked over the fence and saw a cornfield. present tense present tense Sara peeks over the fence and sees a cornfield.
Consistency of tense For events that occur at different times, use verbs of different tenses to show the sequence of events. past tense past perfect tense The pitcher wished that he had practiced more before the game. The action of wishing happened after the action of practicing was complete.
Consistency of tense For events that occur at different times, use verbs of different tenses to show the sequence of events. past tense present tense Yesterday, Nina told us that her brother works every week at the senior center. The action of telling occurred at a specific time in the past. The action of working occurs now.
Consistency of tense On Your Own Proofread the paragraph for unnecessary changes of verb tense. Change the verbs to make the tenses consistent. (1) I was in my room Saturday morning, planning to study for two hours. (2) To my surprise, Nancy Chang drops by. (3) She dashed into the house, runs up the stairs, and calls my name. (4) What she wanted was a fishing companion. (5) As I get my fishing gear together, I was so happy. (6) On our way to the lake, we notice some dark clouds. (7) We wished we checked the weather first. [End of Section]
Review A Change the tense of each boldface verb to the tense indicated in parentheses. 1. The otter swam to the edge of the pond. (present perfect) 2. Our class will read Shakespeare’s Macbeth. (future progressive) 3. The three sisters regularly meet for lunch. (past) 4. Each student chooses a lab partner.(past perfect) 5. Wasps were entering the house through the torn screen. (present)
Review B Supply an appropriate modal, helping verb, or main verb to complete each sentence correctly. The hints in parentheses will help you. 1. Colleen _____ almost reach the light bulb. (shows ability) 2. Jack _____ repair the bicycle tomorrow. (future tense) 3. Most of the girls _____ already left. (present perfect) 4. I _____ attend the concert if only I had more time. (shows a condition) 5. Tamara opens the refrigerator and _____ inside. (consistent tense) [End of Section]