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Understanding Verb Tense

Understanding Verb Tense

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Understanding Verb Tense

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  1. Understanding Verb Tense What are verb tenses? Present and present perfect Past and past perfect Future and future perfect Consistency of tense Review A Review B

  2. What are verb tenses? Why do verbs have so many different forms? Verbs take different forms to show all the possibilities for when something can happen. She will draw. She draws. She has drawn.

  3. What are verb tenses? The tense of a verb indicates the time of the action or state of being expressed by the verb. Each tense has its own use. Present Paul lives in Boston. Present perfect He has lived in several cities. Past Paul once lived in Utah. Past perfect He had lived in Georgia before that. Future Paul will live in Boston for a long time. Future perfect He will have lived there four years.

  4. What are verb tenses?Present and present perfect The present tense expresses a general truth, an action that occurs regularly, or a state of being that exists at the present time. Mom drinks orange juice. Present Present

  5. What are verb tenses?Present and present perfect The present perfect tense • expresses an action that occurred or a state of being that existed at an indefinite time in the past • is usually formed with have or has plus the past participle Saul has drunk his juice already. We don’t know when Saul drank it. Present Present - - - -> Present perfect

  6. What are verb tenses?Past and past perfect The past tense expresses an action or a state of being that started and ended in the past. The scouts hiked all morning. Past Present Past Present - - - -> Present Perfect

  7. What are verb tenses?Past and past perfect The past perfect tense • expresses an action or a state of being that ended before another past action or state of being • is usually formed with had plus the past participle The scouts had hiked five miles before they stopped for lunch. Present Past Past Present - - - -> - - - -> Present Perfect Past Perfect

  8. What are verb tenses?Future and future perfect The future tense • expresses an action that will occur or a state of being that will exist • is usually formed with will or shall plus the base form The class will tour the Indian ruins. Future Present Future Present - - - -> Present Perfect

  9. What are verb tenses?Future and future perfect The future perfect tense • expresses an action or a state of being that will end before another future action or state of being • is usually formed with will have or shall have plus the past participle By the end of the trip, the class will have toured three ruins. Future Present Future Present - - - -> - - - -> Present Perfect Future Perfect

  10. What are verb tenses? On Your Own Change the tense of the boldface verb in each sentence to the tense in parentheses. 1. Miguel makes the photo larger. (Change to past.) 2. The picnic took place on Sunday. (Change to future.) 3. The boys ran three miles in one hour. (Change to past perfect.) 4. By then, Aunt Nell had arrived. (Change to future perfect.) 5. Cynthia had played the violin beautifully. (Change to present.) [End of Section]

  11. Consistency of tense Do not change from one tense to another without a good reason. To describe events that occur in the same time period, use verbs in the same tense. past tense past tense When we went to the movies, we bought popcorn. present tense present tense When we go to the movies, we buy popcorn.

  12. Consistency of tense For events that occur in different time periods, use verbs of different tenses to show the order of events. present tense past tense Lisa plays basketball now, but last year she was on the volleyball team. Lisa’s basketball playing is occurring in the present. Her volleyball playing happened in the past.

  13. Consistency of tense On Your Own Rewrite the paragraph in the past tense. Change verb forms to make the tenses consistent. (1) Lightning struck our house, and I run straight for cover. (2) “Oh, no!” I exclaim. (3) The electricity was out! (4) My parents get out the flashlights, and we played a game. (5) The stove and microwave do not work, so we have a cold supper in the living room. (6) In the morning, we are all happy. (7) The sun shone and our electricity is back on. [End of Section]

  14. Review A Change the tense of each boldface verb to the tense given in parentheses. 1. The children wear their seatbelts. (past perfect) 2. The bell in the clock tower rang. (present) 3. My family willmove to Seattle. (present perfect) 4. With confidence, Sara begins the quiz. (past) 5. We sent the packages by airmail. (future)

  15. Review B Rewrite the paragraph in the past tense. Change verb forms to make the tenses consistent. (1) I travel to Denver and visited my grandparents. (2) Grandpa gave me a big hug when I get off the train. (3) Then we all go to their house for dinner. (4) The very next morning Grandma takes me downtown and we shopped for books and shoes. (5) Then she and I meet up with Grandpa and went to the museum. [End of Section]

  16. The End