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Buddhism

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Buddhism

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  1. Buddhism

  2. Founding of Buddhism • The founder of Buddhism was Siddhartha Gautama. He was born around 566 BC • He spent the first 30 years of his life as a prince in a palace, completely unaware of the outside world • At age 30, he traveled outside the palace walls and saw things new to him (old age, sickness, death) • He gave up all his wealth and life of luxury to find the cause of human suffering • His discoveries led to the beginnings of Buddhism

  3. Founding of Buddhism • Rather than looking outward for suffering, he looked inward • It is said that Gautama fasted under a tree for 49 days to find the answers • After the 49 days, he believed that he found the roots of suffering • He spend the next 45 years teaching his findings • His following called him “The Enlightened One”, or Buddha

  4. Suffering • Buddha believed the following desires led to suffering • Power • Wealth • Pleasure • By giving up selfish desires, a person can be free of suffering • To end suffering, a person can follow “The Eightfold Path” or sometimes called “The Middle Way”

  5. The Eightfold Path • Right View: Understanding of the Four Nobel Truths • 1. Life is suffering; • 2. Suffering is due to attachment; • 3. Attachment can be overcome; • 4. There is a path for accomplishing this • Right Intentions: True Desire to free one from attachment and hate

  6. The Eightfold Path • Right Speech: Do not lie, gossip, or talk in a hurtful way • Right Action: Do not take part in hurtful behaviors (stealing, killing, etc…) • Right Livelihood: Make your living in a way that avoids lying and hurting others (animals included) • Right Effort: Have a good attitude and avoid having a negative attitude

  7. The Eightfold Path • Right Mindfulness: Being aware of your own body, feelings, and thoughts to overcome negative feelings • Right Concentration: Meditating in a way to think deeply to find answers to problems

  8. Buddhism Simplified • Learn to be wise, behave correctly, and develop your mind • Act unselfishly towards others and treat people fairly • Tell the truth • Avoid violence and the killing of any living thing

  9. Teachings • If the Buddha’s path is followed, people will reach Nirvana (lasting peace) • Reaching Nirvana will break the cycle of reincarnation • Buddhism taught that all people are equal • Anyone can follow Buddhism, regardless of social class

  10. The End • Buddha would teach throughout northeast India for another 45 years • He died at the age of 80 • He last words were “Impermanent are all created things. Strive on with awareness.” • He is not referred to as a god