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North America

North America. Chapter 3 Section 1 Physical Geography. Bell Ringer. Page 81 Which two of the three countries in this region share the Great Plains? What reason can there be for the differences in climate across the Great Plains?

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North America

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  1. North America Chapter 3 Section 1 Physical Geography

  2. Bell Ringer • Page 81 • Which two of the three countries in this region share the Great Plains? • What reason can there be for the differences in climate across the Great Plains? • What methods might be used for transporting goods out of the Great Plains? • The United States & Canada • Southern part is warmer due to lower latitude (nearer the equator) • River in the U.S., Rail in Canada

  3. North America Physical Geography • North America: Canada, United States, Mexico • Great Plains: flat land making up most of the center of North America • Plateaus: flat lands of high elevation • Rivers & Lakes: Major cities developed on the Ohio, Mississippi, Rio Grande. Great Lakes form the largest body of fresh water in the world.

  4. The Great Plains Agriculture • 1930s – Dust Bowl • Commercial Agriculture Energy Resources • Oil • Natural Gas • Wind

  5. Western Mountains & Deserts Landforms & Climate • Cordillera: several mountain ranges running parallel to one another(Rocky Mts. & Sierra Nevada) • In between Rocky Mts & Sierra Nevada is Great Basin (desert, dry) • Grand Canyon: Southwest U.S. • Rainshadow: warm moist air from ocean going up one side of mountain. Dry air going down other side.

  6. You Do! • Exploring the Yucatan Page 87 • 0 • Write a Paragraph using the questions as prompts. • Why is Meacham’s work important for the Yucatan Peninsula? • What impact does human behavior have on the environment in the Yucatan?

  7. Essential Question • What are the significant physical features of North America? • The Great Plains, Mountains, Deserts, Plateaus, Rivers, Lakes

  8. Bell Ringer January 31, 2018 • Page 117 • After English, what is the next major language spoken in the U.S. and Canada? • What do the top two languages spoken in Canada say about its history? • Which languages might have a higher number of speakers in the U.S. in the future? • United States: Spanish, Canada: French • Canada was colonized by Britain & France • Spanish, Chinese, Tagalog ( most immigrants today)

  9. Diversity Diversity – major feature of U.S. & Canadian culture • Indigenous: Native tribes • Africans: were brought as slaves • Immigrants: all parts of the world • Tolerance: important American value

  10. Mass Media Traditional Media: • Newspaper – 1800s -> today • radio – 1920s -> today • T.V. 1950s-> today Today: • Constant personal devices – Internet – 2000s • Smart phones, global, mobile • Social Media

  11. Changing Economy in U.S. & Canada Similarities: • Early 1800s – Live off the land (farming, mining, logging, fishing) • Late 1800s – Industrial Revolution (Manufacturing) • 1950s – Service Industry (Healthcare, teaching, banking, etc) • Today – Information Technology (always changing – Dynamic) • 8 of 10 homes in U.S. & Canada have computers Differences: Canada’s Businesses – more regulated by gov’t

  12. You Do Activity Page 121 • Analyze: What do you expect to see on an assembly line that is missing from the photo? How might this technology affect jobs? • Synthesize: What similarities and differences do you notice in the photos? • Infer: In what ways can new technologies affect a country’s economy? • There are no people on the assembly line. Machines are being used to do work that was once done by people. Using only machine might increase unemployment. • Both photos show machinery being used to make a product. The automotive parts are being assembled by machine; a person runs the fiber optic cable assembly • Create Jobs; require different skills, increase production –so more people are needed for shipping and service.

  13. Essential Question • What Issues do the U.S. and Canada face today? • Diversity, Tolerance, Technology, Changing Economy, New Energy Sources

  14. Bell Ringer February 1, 2018 Page 123 • Which alternative energy sources depend on physical geography and in what ways? • What issues prevent alternative energy sources from being used? • Which alternative energy source is the most promising? • Water, wind, solar, geothermal • Nuclear: radioactive waste, ethanol: land availability, solar/wind: cannot produce on demand

  15. Finding New Energy Sources Oil Supply & Demand • Petroleum is nonrenewable • Rising prices slow economic growth • 2018-2019 Prices low, Drilling & Fracking have grown, economy is great

  16. Finding New Energy Sources Alternative Solutions • Nuclear Power: long time to build and expensive • Ethanol: uses agriculture for fuel rather than food • Solar Panels & Wind: cannot always produce on demand • Electric – Hybrid: fuel cells/ hydrogen/oxygen

  17. Around the World ! • Brazil: leader in ethanol • Britain: only low wattage bulbs • France: nuclear power • Denmark: coal produces electricity & hot water • New Zealand: geothermal

  18. Essential Question • What has the demand for nonrenewable energy sources led humans to explore? • We are exploring many renewable energy sources

  19. Bell Ringer February 2, 2018 Data Lab – Page 129 • Based on the graph, which economic sector has grown the most? • How might NAFTA account for the growth in agriculture between 1990 & 2009? • Why is tourism important to Mexico? • The Service Sector • The development of cash crops grown for export may have increased growth in agriculture since 1990 • Tourism is an important part of Mexico’s economy

  20. Mexico – Blending of Cultures • Mexican Culture: blend of Native American & Spanish • Mestizos: Largest population group, Mexicans of mixed ancestry • Spanish: language 90% • Religion: Roman Catholic 90% • Day of the Dead: native tradition honoring ancestors

  21. Modern Mexico • Mexico is now an Urban nation • ¾ people live in the cities • Mexico City: capital city • Aztec & Mayan Art & Artifacts • Some people are still traditional in rural areas (vaqueros – cowboys)

  22. Impact of Globalization • Globalization: development of a world economy based on free trade and the use of labor from other countries • NAFTA: increased trade 300%, favors commercial farms • Economic Challenge: many poor people cant find work Mexican businesses have Outsourced jobs

  23. Reaching Toward Democracy • Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI): 1929 – 2000 • Rebellion: Zapatista Liberation Army 1994 – seized many states • 1996: Election reforms – more fair voting • Multi-Party Democracy – candidates from more than one party • Challenges: Drug Cartels & Zapatistas • Positive Trend: Literacy on rise

  24. Essential Question • How has globalization affected Mexico? • Although the economy has grown – many industries have outsourced their job for cheap labor. Mexico’s poor are migrating to the U.S.

  25. Bell Ringer February 3, 2017 • Interpret Tables – Page 132 – Question 18 & 19 • What trend do you see in the overall trade balance from 2006 – 2008? • If the U.S. eliminated its trade deficit with Canada & Mexico, would that have much effect on the overall trade balance? Why? • The trend was for the deficit to go down • The Deficit would decrease by about 20%, but the overall trade deficit would remain very large

  26. Chapter 3 & 4 Review • A diverse mix of races, religions, language, & nationalities are found in what two countries of North America? • Canada & the U.S. • Define Immigrant: • A person who takes up permanent residence in another country • Define Tolerance: • An American value of accepting others’ views

  27. Spanish is the second most popular language spoken in what NA country? • The U.S. • French is the second most popular language spoken in what NA country? • Canada • The Newspaper was the first Mass Media that was popular across America during what time period? • The 1800s & 1900s

  28. What Mass Media has contributed greatly toward a Global Culture? • The Internet • Which country’s businesses are much more regulated by the government – U.S. or Canada? • Canada • When & Where did the Industrial Revolution take place in North America? • During the 1800s in the U.S. & Canada

  29. Between 2000-2007, Banks granting large loans to businesses that were not repaid led to what? • The Great Recession • Great Plains: • Flat areas of land that make up most of the center of North America • Great Lakes: • Largest body of freshwater in the world • Rio Grande River: • A natural border between the United States and Mexico

  30. What major crop is grown on the Great Plains? • Grain • What is the desert area located between the Sierra Nevada Mts. and the Rocky Mts, caused by the Rain shadow Effect? • The Great Basin • Petroleum: • The raw material used to create oil products • Wind Turbine: • An engine powered by wind to generate electricity

  31. Ethanol: • A fuel obtained from plants that can be used alone or blended with gasoline • Hybrid Vehicle: • A vehicle that can run using either an electric motor or a gas-powered engine • Manufacturing: • Using machines to make raw materials into a usable product

  32. What will be some effects of low oil supply for the world? • Turning to alternative forms of energy (nuclear, wind, solar,ethanol) • Competiveness among nations • Rising oil prices • What wasNAFTA? What effect has it had on Mexico? • North America Free Trade Agreement 1994 • Trade increased 300% • Favors commercial farming

  33. Why are Canada & the U.S. so diverse in population and Mexico is not? • Canada and the U.S. have many immigrants due to our successful economy and lifestyle. People want to come to our countries. • Does the U.S. have a positive or negative trade balance with other countries? Why? • Negative because we buy more from other countries than they buy from us.

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