Verbals!!!! 8th grade
In your IBook, create a Frayer diagram! As we go through the Power Point, take notes.
What are verbals? • Verbals are words that look like verbs, but are used as another part of speech. • For example, would this make sense? • Greg sleeping late. • Sleeping is how Greg spends his free time.
Types of Verbals: • There are three kinds of verbals: • Infinitives, • Participles, • and Gerunds.
1. Infinitives: SN V Inf • Brent decided to eat five pizzas. SN V Inf • Nick needed to be in Texas by morning. • Notice anything? • Both of the infinitives start with “to.” • The “to” is paired with a word that could be used as a verb. That’s why it is a verbal!
More on Infinitives: • How to remember this… • Think of Buzz Lightyear! • Famous phrase…”to infinity and beyond….” • To starts an infinitive!
How are infinitives used in sentences? • Infinitives can be used as three different parts of speech: nouns, adjectives, and adverbs. • As a noun, an infinitive can be used as a subject, direct object, object of preposition, or appositive.
2. Gerunds • Gerunds end in ing. • Gerunds are used as nouns. • Gerunds can be used as just like any noun can as subjects, directobjects, predicatenominatives, and objects of prepositions.
Gerunds in Sentences • Remodeling is a way to make something look brand new. • Michael enjoys drawing. • His favorite sport is fishing. • Lucy does not get tired of singing.
Did you find them? • Remodeling is a way to make something look brand new. • Michael enjoys drawing. • His favorite sport is fishing. • Lucy does not get tired of singing.
Gerund Phrase • A gerund phrase is a gerund with a modifier or a complement, acting together as a noun.
3. Participles • A participle looks like a verb but is actually an adjective. It is used to modify (describe) something. • There are two kinds of participles: • Present participles- end in ing • Past participles- usually end in ed, but be careful of those irregular endings
What do they look like?Here are some examples of how they are used in sentences. Present Participles • A growing baby sleeps much of the day. • Many people live in farming communities. Past Participles • The conquered territory was under Spanish control. • Troubled, she asked for advice.
Participle or Verb? • Now, be careful! Participles can be tricky! • Sometimes participles are confused as verb phrases. • Ex. The answer troubled the officer. • Just remember participles are used as adjectives, not actual verbs!
One more thing…about Participle Phrases • A participle phrase is a group of words starting with a participle that acts as an adjective. • Examples: • Chewing rapidly, the diner called for a waiter. • Who/what chewing rapidly? • Eating his lunch, the waiter did not respond. • Who/what eating his lunch?
Just in case YOU FORGOT, • The appositive is a modifier. It offers more information about something. • For example, • Greg, the boy in the green shirt, is a fast runner. • My uncle, Bob, works in New York.
Verbals look like verbs, but are used as other parts of speech • can be part of a verbal phrase • 3 types of verbals • Infinitives: • used as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs • always include the word “to” • ex. John wanted to eat. Verbals • Participles: • 2 kinds- present & past • used as adjectives • Present- ends in ing • Past- end in ed • ex. The running water was fast. Dried leaves are there. • Gerunds: • Like participles, gerunds end in ing • Used as a noun • Ex. Running is fun! We went swimming yesterday.
Check for Understanding: • With Learning Partner, use George vs. George to find one example of each of these types of verbals. • Write them in the appropriate box on the Frayer. Include the page number in order to reference your text.
Work Sessionindependent Assignment • Starting on page 301 in Prentice Hall Writing & Grammar Handbook: • Exercises- 9, 10, 11, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, & 18 • Numbers 1& 2 on each exercise • You will mostly be writing only the answers. However, on two exercises you will need to write sentences.