VERBALS OH HOW FUN!
definition • VERBAL IS A VERB FORM USED AS ANOTHER PART OF SPEECH • TYPES OF VERBALS 1. GERUNDS 2 PARTICIPLES 3. INFINITIVES
GERUNDS • A VERB FORM END IN ING AND IS USED AS A NOUN • USE OF GERUNDS 1. SUBJECT OF THE SENTENCE 2. DIRECT OBJECT-RECEIVES THE ACTION OF THE VERB 3. OBJECT OF A PREPOSITION
EXAMPLES • 1. Blocking requires strength. • 2. The athletes enjoy exercising. • 3. They maintain endurance by running.
GERUNDS(cont.) • GERUND PHRASE- A GROUP OF WORDS THAT INCLUDES A GERUND AND OTHER WORDS TO COMPLETE ITS MEANING. • PHRASE WILL BEGIN WITH GERUND AND END IN A NOUN OR PRONOUN. INCLUDE ALL PREPOSITIONAL PHRASES WITH THE GERUND PHRASE. • EXAMPLE: Celebrating the victory at Harrison’s is a tradition.
EXAMPLES • 1. Kicking the ball takes skill. • 2. A team tries scoring a touchdown. • 3. A touchdown results from moving the ball across the goal.
Practice, Practice, Practice • GET WRITER’S CHOICE BOOK FROM CABINET • TURN TO PG. 530 • COMPLETE EX. 4 #’S 1-15 • WRITE GERUND OR GERUND PHRASE • LABEL IF IT IS A SUBJECT (S), DIRECT OBJECT (D.O.), OR OBJECT OF A PREPOSTION (O.O.P.)
iNFINITIVES • An infinitive is formed from the word “to” together with the base form of a verb. It is often used as a noun. • USES OF INFINITIVES • 1. SUBJECT • 2. DIRECT OBJECT • DO NOT CONFUSE THE INFINITIVE WITH A PREPOSITION • Example: I want my daughter to eat all her food. I went to the grocery store over the weekend.
EXAMPLE SENTENCES • 1. Those young players want to win. • 2. To referee demands patience. • 3. The coach is pointing to the pitcher.
INFINITIVES(CONT. ) • AN INFINITIVE PHRASE IS A GROUP OF WORDS THAT INCLUDES AN INFINITIVE AND OTHER WORDS TO COMPLETE ITS MEANING. • INCLUDE PREP. PHRASES WITH INF. PHRASES. • EXAMPLES • 1. A player may try to influence the call. • 2. To go to every game of the season is my dream.
Practice Makes perfect • GRAB A WRITER’S CHOICE BOOK FROM THE CABINET • TURN TO PG. 532 • COMPLETE EX. 6 #’S 1-15 • WRITE EACH INFINITIVE OR INFINITIVE PHRASE AND LABEL IT SUBJECT (S) OR DIRECT OBJECT (D. O.)
PARTICIPLES • PRESENT PARTICIPLE IS FORMED BY ADDING INGTO THE VERB. • PAST PARTICIPLE IS USUALLY FORMED BY ADDING ED TO THE VERB. FOR IRREGULAR VERBS, ENDING CHANGE: T, N, EN, D
PARTICIPLE cONTINUED • PARTICIPLE CAN ACT AS THE MAIN VERB IN A VERB PHRASE OR AS AN ADJECTIVE TO DESCRIBE NOUNS. • EXAMPLES • 1. The player has kicked the ball. (VERB PHRASE) • 2. The kicked ball soared. (ADJECTIVE)
PARTICIPLES (CONT) • A PARTICIPLE THAT IS USED AS AND ADJECTIVE IS PART OF A PHRASE. IT IS CALLED A PARTICIPIAL PHRASE. • PARTICIPAL PHRASES BEGIN WITH A PARTICIPLE AND END WITH A NOUN OR PRONOUN. • INCLUDE PREP. PHRASES WITH PART. PHRASES.
Part. phrases • A participial phrase is set off with commas when it: a) comes at the beginning of a sentence, b) interrupts a sentence as a nonessential element, or c) comes at the end of a sentence and is separated from the word it modifies.
EXAMPLES • 1. Cheering for the home team, the fans were on their feet. • 2. The ball kicked by Donnell soared into the goal. • 3. Running for the ball, a player slipped in the mud.
LET’S DO SOME PRACTICE • GRAB WRITER’S CHOICE BOOK • TURN TO PG. 528 • COMPLETE EX. 2 #’S 1-10. • WRITE DOWN PARTICIPIAL PHRASE AND IDENTIFY THE WORD THE PHRASE IS DESCRIBING.