Verbals • What is a VERBAL?? • A verbal is a word that is formed from a verb, but it is used in a sentence as a • Noun • Adjective • Or, an Adverb.
There are three kinds of VERBALS: • 1. Gerunds • 2. Infinitives • 3. Participles
1) The GERUND • A verb form that can be used as a NOUN • Examples: • Jogging can be good exercise. • My favorite hobby is fishing. • Lock the door before leaving. • Did they go hiking?
Practice Finding Gerunds: • Their singing caused the dog to howl. • Jerry has been practicing pole vaulting every day after school. • My sister has always enjoyed horseback riding. • In the past, working took up most people’s time six days a week. • I look forward to resting after this tiring job is done.
2) The INFINITIVE • A verb form that can be used as a • Noun • Example: To forgive does not always mean to forget. • [To forgive is the subject of the sentence.] • an Adjective • If you want information about computers, that is the magazine to read. • [To read modifies magazine.] • Or an Adverb • The caravan stopped at the oasis to rest. [To rest modifies the verb stopped.]
Practice Finding Infinitives: • I like to walk home. • We usually go to my house or her house to listen to music. • One day I asked Jennie to join us. • I did not know which dance steps to start with. • I tried to teach her how to dance, but I gave up.
3) The PARTICIPLE • A verb form that can be used as an adjective • Present Participles end in –ing • Example: • The trotting horses ran past the crowd. • Past Participles end in –ed, -d, or -t. • Example: • The pirates hid their buried treasure.
Practice finding Participles: • The sparkling water splashed in our faces. • The aged and yellowed papers are kept in a file. • The charging bull thundered across the field. • The fidgeting children could not wait for the party to start. • Watching its image in the mirror closely, the bird became distressed.
Practice Finding Gerund Phrases: • Vincent’s pleading did not influence his mother’s decision. • We sat back and enjoyed the slow rocking of the boat. • Shouting at people does not make them understand you better. • She is considering running for class president. • Give practicing the piano a chance.