VERBALS Participles Gerunds Infinitives
OBJECTIVE: *Identify the components of a sentence. *Recognize, identify, and label verbals ~participles, gerunds, and infinitives~ and verbal phrases.
Understanding the wonderful world of verbals relies on some prior knowledge…so let’s review. *A sentence is made up of words. *Words function in a sentence as a particular part of speech. *Every word in a sentence can be labeled as a particular part of speech.
Parts of Speech…can you name the eight parts of speech?? 1. 5. 2. 6. 3. 7. 4. 8.
Part of speech is determined by how a word is used in a sentence. In other words, you have to read words in a sentence in order to correctly label the part of speech.
There is a hybrid (or you may call them morphed) group of words known as VERBALS. Which of the eight parts of speech do you think is associated with these hybrids?
VERBALS are verb words that function in a sentence as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs.
read – verb – I read books. She will read a story to the class. Joe read the newspaper. reading—verb –Students were reading during class. reading –adjective—Everyone loves reading class! The reading teacher handed out new AR logs. reading –noun – Reading is important. You can find the answer by reading the story. He likes reading. to read – noun -- Students tried to read the directions.
pArticiples usually end in –ing or –ed (occasionally –en or –ntending) function as Adjectives in a sentence The running coach was not at practice. Everyone is excited for the snowboarding trip! I threw the cracked egg away. The broken toys can be fixed. No one ate the burnt toast.
geruNds verb words that end in –ing function as Nouns in a sentence Texting is a popular way to communicate. Chorus members began singing. The clown entertained the group by juggling.
infinitives to + verb function as a noun, an adjective, or an adjective Students worked to finish the assignment. In class, we began to write an essay. Athletes practice to improve. A field goal is the only way to win.
IN CONCLUSION, You already read, write, and speak using verbals. It is important to have a good understanding of them so that you can use them properly in your speaking and writing.