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Verbals

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  1. Verbals Gerunds and Participles

  2. A gerund is a verbal that ends in -ing and functions as a noun. The term verbal indicates that a gerund, like the other two kinds of verbals (infinitive and participle), is based on a verb and therefore expresses action or a state of being. Gerunds

  3. Gerund • Gerund as subject: • Traveling might satisfy your desire for new experiences. • Write your own:

  4. Gerund • Gerund as object: • They do not appreciate my singing. • Write your own:

  5. Gerund • Gerund as the object of a preposition:

  6. A participle is a verbal that is used as an adjective and most often ends in -ing or -ed. Since they function as adjectives, participles modify nouns or pronouns. There are two types of participles: present participles and past participles. Participle

  7. Present Participles • Write nouns after each participle • Crying ___________ • Burning __________ • Dying ___________ • Winning _________ • __________________

  8. Past Participles • Write a noun after the participle • Saved ________ • Shaken ________ • Broken_________ • Dealt __________ • Fallen ________

  9. Now we’ll learn how these verbalsbecome phrases just like infinitives become infinitive phrases. GERUND AND Participle Phrases

  10. Gerund Phrase Identify the gerund phrase: • Covering for my friend almost got Hannah in trouble yesterday. • Peter’s favorite past time is eating out in restaurants. • Being an astronaut is my ultimate dream. • Write your own:

  11. Participial Phrase Underline the participial: • Knowing it was too late, Katherine asked for a ticket to the concert. • People educated in independent schools are more likely to be active members of their community. • Having practiced for nearly 10,000 days, Arun is almost a master of the piano.

  12. Vocabulary Sentence Practice Pick 8 out of then 12 words to write vocabulary sentences. For 1-4 include a gerund or participle, for 5-8 include a gerund or participial phrase. Bold the word and label the grammar. Finish for Monday in OneNote. • enthrall (v.) to hold spellbound; to captivate • errant (adj.) straying from the right course or acceptable standards • faction (n.) a group of people—usually a contentious minority within a larger group • fervor (n.) great warmth and intensity of emotion • flail (v.) to wave or swing vigorously; to thrash • furtive (adj.) stealth-like; shifty; secretive • garrulous (adj.) tiresomely talkative; loquacious • gaudy (adj.) showy in a tasteless or vulgar way (synonyms: loud or tacky) • gesticulate (v.) to make gestures while speaking, to add emphasis • grimace (n., v.) a facial expression that expresses pain, contempt, or disgust • harbinger (n.) an indication of the approach of something or someone; (v.) to foreshadow or presage • heathen (n.) an individual or group considered irreligious, uncivilized, or unenlightened

  13. Source • Brizee, Allen. “Verbals: Gerunds, Participles, Infinitives.” The OWL at Purdue. 10 Jan. 2008. Purdue. 18 Feb. 2009.<http://owl.english.purdue.edu/ owl/resource/627/01/> MLA 32B, pg. 139 of a Pocket Style Manual