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Verbals :

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  1. Verbals: Take a closer look… They are not verbs… Verbals are imposter verbs!!

  2. What are verbals? • Verbals are words that resemble or look like verbs, but they function as either nouns, adjectives, or adverbs. • We call them imposter verbs, because they will try to confuse you into thinking they are verbs, but they are really not!

  3. 3 Kinds of Verbals: • Participles • Gerunds • Infinitives

  4. Participles: • A participle is a verb form that acts as an ADJECTIVE (describes a noun). They end in either –ing or –ed. • Ex: The cheering crowd yelled and screamed. • “Cheering” describes the crowd.

  5. Now you try…can you spot the participle? The wishing well is a favorite attraction at the park.

  6. Answer: • “Wishing” is the participle because it looks like a verb, ends in –ing, and acts as an adjective, describing the noun “well”.

  7. Now you try…can you spot the participle? • The stunned grasshopper jumped out of the way of the man’s foot.

  8. Answer: • “Stunned” is the participle because it looks like a verb, ends in –ed, and acts as an adjective describing “grasshopper”.

  9. Keep in Mind that… • The participle might not be found right beside the noun it describes…for example: • Stunned by the man’s foot, the grasshopper jumped out of the way. • “Stunned” is still the participle, and it still modifies “grasshopper”.

  10. One more example…you try! • Wishing on a star, Kendall thought that her dreams might come true. • Where is the participle?

  11. Answer: • “Wishing” is the participle, and it describes the noun “Kendall”.

  12. Gerunds • Gerunds look like verbs, but they act as nouns. They always end in –ing. • Camping is so much fun!

  13. Gerunds • “Camping” is the gerund because it looks like a verb, acts like a noun, and ends in –ing.

  14. Gerunds…now you try! • Swimming is Tom’s favorite summertime activity.

  15. The answer: • “Swimming” is the gerund because it looks like a verb, acts like a noun, and ends in –ing.

  16. Gerunds…now you try! • Wallace loves singing in the choir. • Where is the gerund?

  17. The answer: • “Singing” is the gerund because it looks like a verb, acts like a noun, and ends in --Ing.

  18. Last but not least…Infinitives! • Infinitives are the word “to” plus a verb. They can act as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs. • To run, to jump, to play, to cry, to climb

  19. Infinitives: • To exercise is essential for good health. (acts as a noun) I plan to exercise daily to improve my health. (adverb) (adjective)

  20. Infinitives…now you try! • I love to run in marathons. • I don’t understand why others do not want to participate in the discussion.

  21. Answers: • “To run” is an infinitive because it starts with the word “to” and adds a verb, and it acts as an adverb describing the verb “love”. • “To participate is an infinitive because it starts with the word “to” and adds a verb, and it also acts as an adverb describing the verb “do want”.

  22. Summing it up… • What are the three types of verbals, or imposter verbs?

  23. 3 types of verbals: • Participles- end in –ed or –ing. Act as adjectives. • Gerunds- end in –ing. Act as nouns • Infinitives- “to” + verb. Act as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs.