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VERBALS PowerPoint Presentation

VERBALS

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VERBALS

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  1. VERBALS Gerunds

  2. DEFINITION OF A VERBAL • A verbal is a word that is formed from a verb and that acts as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb.

  3. TYPES OF VERBALS • There are three kinds of verbals: • gerunds • infinitives • participles

  4. GERUNDS • A gerund is a verbal that ends in -ing and acts as a noun.

  5. GERUNDS • Exercising is the best thing you can do for yourself. • Don enjoys painting. • You can become a pro by practicing.

  6. Identify the gerund in each of the following sentences. • Write it on your white board. • Hold it up so I can see it.

  7. Wrestling is a difficult sport to learn.

  8. Tina and Tony are good at tap-dancing.

  9. Terry likes reading.

  10. After arriving, we rode in a taxi to our hotel.

  11. Have you signed up yet for swimming?

  12. Walking was out of the question.

  13. My mother always enjoys driving.

  14. I know people who constantly think about eating.

  15. His favorite activity is sleeping.

  16. It was time for sleeping.

  17. Why won’t that dog stop barking?

  18. Jenny tried reading for a while.

  19. Janine enjoyed floating lazily on the raft.

  20. Riding the Mad Butterfly always upsets my stomach.

  21. The architects goal is creating a comfortable public area.

  22. Seth enjoys surfing the Internet after school.

  23. Hiking is difficult.

  24. The criminals denied stealing anything.

  25. Brushing your teeth twice daily is what all dentists recommend.

  26. My father loves cooking.

  27. GERUNDS • Like nouns, gerunds may be: • subjects • predicate nouns • direct objects • indirect objects • objects of prepositions

  28. GERUND AS A SUBJECT • When a gerund is used as a subject it is the word that tells whom or what the sentence is about. • It is usually located at the beginning of the sentence.

  29. GERUND AS A SUBJECT • Jogging has become a very popular activity. • Whispering is not polite.

  30. GERUND AS A PREDICATE NOUN • When a gerund is used as a predicate noun, it follows a linking verb.

  31. GERUND AS A PREDICATE NOUN • Some common linking verbs include: • am -is -are • was -were -be • being -been -appear • become -feel -grow • look -smell -sound

  32. GERUND AS A PREDICATE NOUN • My favorite hobby is skiing. • One sacred responsibility is voting.

  33. GERUND AS A DIRECT OBJECT • When a gerund acts as a direct object, it follows an action verb and answers the question what or who about the verb.

  34. GERUND AS A DIRECT OBJECT • Sarah likes skating. • Whenever I go to a swim meet, I enjoy the diving most.

  35. GERUND AS AN OBJECT OF A PREPOSITION • When a gerund acts as an object of a preposition, it follows a preposition.

  36. GERUND AS AN OBJECT OF A PREPOSITION • Some common prepositions include: • about -at -before • beside -by -between • for -in -like • of -on -over • through -to -with

  37. GERUND AS AN OBJECT OF A PREPOSITION • You can become a pro by practicing. • Susan was soon bored by reading.

  38. S, PN, DO, or OP • Wrestling is a difficult sport to learn. • subject

  39. S, PN, DO, or OP • Tina and Tony are good at tap-dancing. • Object of a Preposition

  40. S, PN, DO, or OP • Terry likes reading. • Direct Object

  41. S, PN, DO, or OP • Walking was out of the question. • Subject

  42. S, PN, DO, or OP • After arriving, we rode in a taxi to our hotel. • Object of a Preposition

  43. S, PN, DO, or OP • Have you signed up yet for swimming? • Object of a Preposition

  44. S, PN, DO, or OP • My mother always enjoys driving. • Direct Object

  45. S, PN, DO, or OP • I know people who constantly think about eating. • Object of a Preposition

  46. S, PN, DO, or OP • His favorite activity is sleeping. • Predicate Noun

  47. S, PN, DO, or OP • It was time for sleeping. • Object of a Preposition

  48. S, PN, DO, or OP • Why won’t that dog stop barking? • Direct Object

  49. S, PN, DO, or OP • Jenny tried reading for a while. • Direct Object

  50. S, PN, DO, or OP • Janine enjoyed floating lazily on the raft. • Direct Object