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MIDDLE EAST

MIDDLE EAST

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MIDDLE EAST

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  1. MIDDLE EAST “CROSSROADS OF THE WORLD”

  2. MIDDLE EAST • Includes 3 Continents: EUROPE, ASIA, AFRICA • “CROSSROADS of the World” • From MOROCCO to AFGHANISTAN {west/east} • From TURKEY to ARABIAN PENINSULA {north/south} • TWICE size of USA

  3. 5 MAIN REGIONS OF MIDDLE EAST • NORTHERN TIER • ARABIAN PENINSULA • FERTILE CRESCENT • NILE VALLEY • MAGREB

  4. NORTHERN TIER • Two Large PLATEAUS cover much of Northern Tier: • IRANIAN PLATEAU • ANATOLIAN PLATEAU

  5. ARABIAN PENINSULA • 1/3 Size of USA • Surrounded by water on 3 sides: RED SEA, ARABIAN SEA, PERSIAN GULF • Largest nation in area – SAUDI ARABIA

  6. FERTILE CRESCENT • Arch Shaped Region – from MEDITERRANEAN Sea {along Tigris & Euphrates} to PERSIAN GULF • Area once known as MESOPOTAMIA

  7. NILE VALLEY • Fertile area in northeastern Africa - EGYPT

  8. MAGHREB • Areas in NORTH AFRICA -west of Egypt • The region including the Atlas Mountains and the coastal plains of Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, • Magreb means “WESTERN ISLE”

  9. GEOGRAPHY • TWICE size of USA • Mostly DESERT {80%}-Sahara, Sinai, Rub Al Khali • ATLAS Mountains – northwest Africa – separate SAHARA Desert from MEDITERRANEAN Sea

  10. GEOGRAPHY • Most live in RIVER VALLEYSor along COASTS • 5 Important Seas: Caspian, Red, Mediterranean, Black, Arabian • 4 Main Rivers: Nile, Tigris, Euphrates, Jordan

  11. GEOGRAPHY • 15%Farmable – lack of RAINFALL scarcity of WATER • Main Crops: WHEAT, BARLEY, OLIVES, GRAPES, DATES

  12. VALUABLE RESOURCE • OIL • About 70% of World’s Reserves • Mostly along PERSIAN GULF • About 50% of World’s Supply of OIL • MIDDLE EAST Oil Organization-OPEC • Countries include: IRAQ, IRAN, SAUDI ARABIA, KUWAIT, ANGOLA, ALGERIA, LIBYA, QATAR, UAE • Control PRICE/PRODUCTION

  13. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zl0MbDpLhqk

  14. PEOPLE OF THE MIDDLE EAST • Majority of People are ARABS – language ARABIC • Religion – 90% practice ISLAM{known as MUSLIMS} • Most ARABS are MUSLIMS • There are CHRISTIAN ARABS • Many MUSLIMS in TURKEY & IRAN are not ARABS • Another large non-Muslim group are the Israelis (Jewish)

  15. PEOPLE - RELIGION • The World’s 3 large Monotheistic religions started in the Middle East: • JUDAISM • CHRISTIANITY • ISLAM • Spread of religions from Middle East to other parts of the world – CULTURAL DIFFUSION

  16. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7eUcRjo9Yv4

  17. http://www.ted.com/talks/shereen_el_feki_pop_culture_in_the_arab_world.htmlhttp://www.ted.com/talks/shereen_el_feki_pop_culture_in_the_arab_world.html

  18. For your first map:

  19. Use the link below to the interactive map for Middle East turmoil. Please use the third map to label and explain what is going on in the middle east under the map you just labeled. Please number the places with the explanation. http://www.miamiherald.com/2013/08/27/3589879/interactive-map-middle-east-a.html

  20. Use the following maps to do the Geography Map

  21. Caspian Sea LABEL YOUR WATER Jordan River

  22. SAHARA

  23. SINAI DESERT

  24. Arabian Peninsula The Northern Tier

  25. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OykL64dP6KY Anatolian Plateau Iran Plateau