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Middle East

Middle East

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Middle East

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  1. Middle East Natural Environments Ch19, Ch 20

  2. Ch 19 Persian Gulf & Interior Iraq, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Afghanistan, Yemen, Oman, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Kuwait

  3. Landforms & Bodies of Water Tectonic forces Coastal plains Arabian Peninsula NORTH An Nafud Desert Elburz Mountains EAST Persian Gulf Plains (Mesopotamia) Tigris River (exotic river) Euphrates River (exotic river) Zagros Mountains High plateaus

  4. Landforms & Bodies of Water SOUTH Gulf of Aden Arabian Sea Indian Ocean Rub al-Khali Desert (means “Empty Quarter”) WEST Red Sea Hindu Kush Mountains (part of the Himalayas) Lowlands in Saudi Arabia (one of hottest places in world)

  5. Climates, Biomes, & Natural Resources Hot, dry climates Climates influenced by: High pressure = dry, little water Orographic effect = humidity, rain & trees on mountains Winds = westerlies, winter rain, cyclonic storms Elevation = cool temp in highlands, skiing in Iran

  6. Climates, Biomes, & Natural Resources PLANTS grasses, shrubs ANIMALS Hyenas, leopards, tigers, lions, donkeys, camels

  7. Climates, Biomes, & Natural Resources OIL WATER NATURAL RESOURCES Oil & Water

  8. Ch 20 Eastern Mediterranean Turkey, Cyprus, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, West Bank, Gaza Strip, Jordan

  9. Landforms & Bodies of Water Faults, folds, earthquakes NORTH Pontic Mountains

  10. Landforms & Bodies of Water Faults Folds Earthquakes EAST Plateaus, hills, valleys Tigris River Euphrates River rift valley (Syria)

  11. Landforms & Bodies of Water WEST Coastal plain Mediterranean Sea Taurus Mountains Jordan River (irrigation) Dead Sea (lowest land on Earth, once part of Med. Sea)

  12. Landforms & Bodies of Water NORTHWEST Plains Hills Dardanelles Bosporus Strait Sea of Marmara Balkan Peninsula (has Turkey)

  13. Climates, Biomes, & Natural Resources CLIMATES Arid Semi-arid Mediterranean

  14. Climates, Biomes, & Natural Resources PLANTS Forests-cedar, cyprus, pine ANIMALS Jackals, lizards, snakes, sheep, goats

  15. Climates, Biomes, & Natural Resources COPPER OIL MAGNESIUM COAL NATURAL RESOURCES Coal, copper, iron ore, oil, natural gas, magnesium