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Middle East

Middle East

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Middle East

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  1. Middle East • Iran had been in a state of instability since 1951 • It had once been a British colony, but in 1941 the British “withdrew” and placed the Shah in power • The British owned the main oil company in Iran and profited from it greatly • The Iranian citizens were tired of being poor and wanted control of the company

  2. Middle East • First Truman, then Eisenhower fear that the struggling company would turn communist • The CIA staged a coup to overthrow the government • They gave Mohammad Reza Pahlavi many supplies such as gun, trucks, and radio communications in 1953 so the Iranian rebels could overthrow the current government • After the coup the United States & Britain split most of the Oil profits

  3. Suez Crisis • Was a military confrontation between Egypt and Britain, France, and Israel in 1956 • The United States and the Soviet Union both supported Egypt • Israel invaded Egypt in 1956 in order to gain control of the Suez canal • They then received support from the British and French • The British and France wanted to remove Egyptian president Gamal Abdel Nasser from power in order to place a leader in there more friendly toward them