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World War II Movies

World War II Movies

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World War II Movies

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  1. World War II Movies • Patton • SavingPrivate Ryan • The Longest Day • Lettersfrom Iwo Jima • Flags of Our Fathers • The Pacific • Band of Brothers • Downfall (German) • Life isBeautiful (Italian) • Windtalkers • Enemyat the Gates • Casablanca • RedTails (on Tuskegee Air Corps) • The Best Years of Our Lives • The War by Ken Burns • ThinRed Line • Great Escape • Pearl Harbor • Schindler’s List • Boy in the StripedPajamas • Stalag 17 • DirtyDozen • The Pianist • The Valkyrie • Defiance • Sound of Music • Sarah’s Key • FreedomWriters • Devil’sArthmetic • Inglorious B……

  2. STAAR Terms—Study these for a quiz • Totalitarianism • Appeasement • Blitzkrieg • Third Reich • Lend Lease • Pearl Harbor • Bataan Death March • Rationing • D Day • Midway • Hiroshima • Mobilization • Yalta Conference • V E Day • V J Day • United Nations • Office of War Information • Executive Order 9066 • Tuskegee Airmen • Flying Tigers • Navajo Code Talkers • FDR and Truman • Rosie the Riveter • G I Bill

  3. World War II 1939-1945

  4. World War IISpecialTopics The Holocaust, JapaneseInternment, Manhattan Project STAAR Objectives Meetings

  5. The Holocaust (Genocide)

  6. Order of Events… • Anti-Semitism—history • Diaspora after Roman occupation of Israel and Judah • Middle Ages—laws against Jews • “Scapegoats” in literature and history • Ghettos—walled communities • More diasporas from Spain (1492) and Russia (1917) • Pogroms • 19th century—Jewish immigration into Germany

  7. The Nuremberg Laws

  8. From 1927 to 1945 • Mein Kampfpublished, 1927 • Hitler became chancellor, 1933 • Nuremberg Laws passed and enforced • Exodus of many German Jews • Krystallnacht, 1938 • Confinement to walled ghettos • Mobilization to concentration camps • Labor and eventual elimination

  9. The Final Solution

  10. How manyJewsdied in The Holocaust?Non-Jews?

  11. Auschwitz— ‘‘Workwill set you free ’’

  12. U.S. • Ignorance of facts • The ship, The St. Louis • Zyclon B • Discovery of camps by Americans and Russians • Eisenhower’s work • Work of survivors

  13. Elie Wiesel

  14. The HolocaustMuseum in Washington

  15. Israel

  16. Any questions? • http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Holocaust/36quest1.html • http://www.nytimes.com/2013/03/03/sunday-review/the-holocaust-just-got-more-shocking.html?_r=1&

  17. Japanese-American Internment

  18. ExecutiveOrder 9066 (Feb. 1942)

  19. Enforcement began in September, 1942 • 110,000 interned • Single largest forced movement in American history • All Civil Rights denied • Moved to holding areas and then camps surrounded by barbed wire

  20. Issei—Japanese immigrants • Nisei—next generation—Japanese American children of immigrants • Sansei—third generation (and subsequent) Japanese-Americans • “One, Two, Three”

  21. The 442 ndRegimentserved in Italy—mostdecoratedregiment in the war

  22. Korematsu v. United States • Landmark Supreme Court Case challenginginternment • DecisiondeterminedthatJapanese-Americansweresafer in the camps awayfromotherAmericansduringwar • Overturnedlater • Official apologies and financial compensation paid in lateryears (Reagan and Clinton)

  23. Manzanar

  24. Senator In0uye of Hawaii • Japanese American • Red Cross volunteer duringattackat Pearl Harbor • U. S. Military service in Europe • Senator

  25. Any questions? • http://arcweb.sos.state.or.us/exhibits/ww2/threat/eo9066.htm

  26. The Manhattan ProjectIt all startedwith a letter to the President

  27. Los Alamos—set up by Colonel Leslie Groves—New Mexico desert—top secret

  28. Robert Oppenheimer

  29. Truman’sDecision

  30. Colonel Tibbets

  31. Hiroshima—135,000 casualties

  32. Nagasaki—64,000 casualties

  33. Currentconcernsregardingatomicweapons • Whoelse has the bomb? • Whoistrying to build the bomb? • Bombs are much more powerfultoday. • Nuclearweaponstreaties—U.S. and Russia, 2013

  34. STAAR Objectives/Test Review

  35. Causes of WWII • Militarism • Nationalism • Imperialism by Germany, Italy and Japan • Fascism in Europe • Alliance of Germany, Italy, Japan (Axis Powers) • Invasion of Poland by Germany

  36. Domestic and International Impact of WWII on the U.S.: • Fight aggressive dictatorships • Respond to the attack on our Navy at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii • Rapid Mobilization and Industrialization • Domestic and international leadership of FDR and Truman • Bataan Death March • Multiple Fronts in Europe and Pacific • Liberation of Concentration Camps

  37. Whydid the U.S. join WWII? • Japanattacked Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941 • U.S. declaredwar on Japan • Japan’sallies—Germany and Italydeclaredwar on U.S. • The U.S. had to fight a war on twofronts—Europe and The Pacific • The U.S. made the European front its first priority

  38. Whowere the U.S. allies in WWII? • Great Britain (England)--Churchill • France—De Gaulle • USSR/Soviet Union (Russia)—Stalin • Thesewereourfriends in WWI and wejoinedwiththem to fight the fascists in Italy and Nazis in Germany

  39. Turning Points • Europe—invasion of Normandy—D Day • Pacific—Battle of Midway