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World War II

World War II

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World War II

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  1. World War II Pearl Harbor Early Difficulties War Tactics and Major Battles The Homefront Victory in Europe The Holocaust Victory in Asia Atomic Bomb

  2. Bell Ringer • 10 Question Quiz over World War 2 material up to this point (Road to War)

  3. Activity • Read over the Enrichment Activity 13 and answer the questions on the back of the sheet.

  4. Objectives • Analyze the effect that the attack on Pearl Harbor had on Americans attitudes towards war. • Vocabulary: • Kamikaze

  5. Pearl Harbor • Defining moment in history • FDR transfers naval fleet to Pearl Harbor • Japanese were desperate for oil and other raw materials • A Pacific war was inevitable • U.S. is aware of attacks in the Pacific

  6. The Attack • Admiral Yamamoto realized war was inevitable and to win needed to destroy US fleet • Left on November 26 headed for Hawaii • First wave strikes at 7:48 a.m. • Second wave strikes at 8:55 a.m. • All finished by 9:55 a.m.

  7. How this worked… • Rest day routine • Couple of situations that could have prevented the attack • Kamikaze pilots served for obligation and loyalty • Fighting for their Emperor God • Complete the Five-Point Oath • Head to Philippines after the attack • “A date which will live in infamy.”

  8. World War II Pearl Harbor Early Difficulties War Tactics and Major Battles The Homefront Victory in Europe The Holocaust Victory in Asia Atomic Bomb

  9. Objectives • Analyze the strengths and weaknesses of the Allied and Axis powers in 1941. • Outline the steps the U.S. took to prepare for war. • Vocabulary: • War Production Board, Office of War Mobilization, Selective Training and Service Act

  10. Activity - World War 2 in HD • You will be creating a war journal based on primary sources that you see, hear and read. • Write down quotes that veterans give. • Describe what you see/hear. • Pages should be labeled as the following: • Europe Under Nazi Control, Advantages/Disadvantages, Major Battles, The Homefront, Victory in Europe, The Holocaust, Victory in Asia, The Atomic Bomb

  11. iThink Moment • Should the attack on Pearl Harbor have changed people’s minds about going to war in the first place? • What is the United States responsibility to the world?

  12. Strengths and Weaknesses Allied Powers Axis Powers

  13. Mobilizing the War • Peace time to war time economy • Unions agree not to strike • Produces an economic boom • Unemployment drops

  14. Government Expansion • Shift in population • Amount of federal employees triples • War Production Board • Factories converted • Office of War Mobilization • Coordinate distribution of goods

  15. Directing the Economy • Inflation occurs as a result of gov’t control • Solution: sell war bonds • Ration items • Gas • Coffee • Sugar • Meat • Canned goods

  16. Raising an Army • Selective Training and Service Act • 21 to 35 y.o. (later 18 to 45) register • 12 million needed • 2/3 served were draftees

  17. Activity: “A Winning Effort” • Select one particular step the United States took to prepare for the war. You will create a poster in support of that measure. The poster should include catchy phrases and illustrations to attract support for the war. • Consider: • efforts to increase production • expanding government power • directing the economy, and • raising the army

  18. World War II Pearl Harbor Early Difficulties War Tactics and Major Battles The Homefront Victory in Europe The Holocaust Victory in Asia Atomic Bomb

  19. Bell Ringer • How would life change if you were constantly under attack? • How would you adjust to living in these conditions?

  20. Objectives • Discuss the early turning points in the war. • Identify technology used in World War II. • Relate the major battles in Europe. • Vocabulary: • Sonar, Bataan Death March, Battle of the Atlantic, Operation Torch

  21. War in the Pacific • Douglas MacArthur leads troops into battle • “I shall return.” • Philippines • War of attrition • Bataan Death March • Disease and malnutrition

  22. Halting the Japanese Advance • Chester Nimitz pressures opponent to make mistakes • Battle of Midway • Break into Japanese fleet code

  23. Early Fighting in Europe • Take over of Vichy Afrika • Axis control most of the Mediterranean • Erwin Rommel • Bernard Montgomery

  24. Allied Attacks • U.S. supplies/troops make a difference • Creating a gateway to Italy • Operation Torch • Dwight Eisenhower • George Patton

  25. Revenge • Mussolini captured and killed • Reactions by his people

  26. Sea and Air Assaults • German U-boats have firm control • Sonar helps Allies in Battle of the Atlantic • Air bombingprevents Germans from regrouping

  27. Assignment • Imagine that you are a leader of a country in Europe during World War 2 and that your country is constantly being attacked. Develop an inspirational speech to your countrymen that would help them get through this difficult time.

  28. World War II Pearl Harbor Early Difficulties War Tactics and Major Battles The Homefront Victory in Europe The Holocaust Victory in Asia Atomic Bomb

  29. iThink Moment • Based on images you see on the next slide (magazines from the 1930s) how were women perceived in the 1930s?

  30. 1930’s Magazine Covers

  31. Objectives • Describe how the U.S. tried to keep morale high. • Describe what life was like during World War II. • Relate how women contributed to the war effort. • Vocabulary: • Zoot-suit riots, Office of War Information, Rosie the Riveter

  32. Discussion • What is the purpose of symbols? • What patriotic symbols can you think of?

  33. Promoting the War • Most support the effort • Blue = serving • Gold = died • Hogan’s Heroes • POW camp • McHale’s Navy • Surviving a Japanese bombing

  34. Life During Wartime • Cut back on luxuries • Practice blackouts • Big theatre hit Oklahoma • God Bless Americabecomes unofficial national anthem • White Christmas expresses hope for peace

  35. Music • “I’m dreaming of a white Christmas, just like the ones I used to know. Where the treetops glisten and children listen to hear sleigh bells in the snow.” • Bing Crosby • “God Bless America, land that I love. Stand beside her, and guide her. Thru the night with a light from above. From the mountains, to the prairies, to the oceans, white with foam. God Bless America, My Home Sweet Home.” • Irving Berlin

  36. Rosie the Riveter • The symbol of patriotic female defense workers • Leaving traditional for factory work • “I’m proud…my husband wants me to do my part.”

  37. The Homefront • Family and friends were encouraged to write letters to soldiers. This was an excellent way to keep up moral.

  38. Discriminations During the War • Minorities serve in segregated units • Fair Employment Practices Committee • Investigate hiring measures • Move north for more money • Zoot-suit riots exposes prejudice

  39. Japanese American Relocation • Internment camps created for Japanese (WY, UT) • 1/3 born in Japan • 2/3 born in U.S. • Hawaii placed under martial law • Patriotism inspires volunteerism

  40. Extra Credit • What are the origins of the “Barbie Doll”?

  41. World War II Pearl Harbor Early Difficulties War Tactics and Major Battles The Homefront Victory in Europe The Holocaust Victory in Asia Atomic Bomb

  42. iThink Moment • What are some things that you could not live without? • What would life be like without them?

  43. Objectives • Describe Hitler’s “Final Solution” policy. • Identify the Allied responses to the Holocaust.

  44. Dr. Seuss Goes to War! • Theodor Seuss Geisel, also known as Dr. Seuss, was more than just a children’s book author. Between 1941 and 1943, he drew more than 400 political cartoons for New York magazine PM. Dr. Seuss’s famous character the Cat in the Hat’s striped hat is a take-off on Uncle Sam’s hat.

  45. The Holocaust Profile • Begins in 1933 • Holocaust = sacrifice by fire • Who? • Disabled, Gypsies, Homosexuals, Jews, Jahovah’s Witnesses • Part of “Final Solution” • The master race??? • Nuremberg Laws

  46. Damaged Storefront after Kristallnacht Riot: Berlin, Nov 1938.  People walk past broken store windows in the aftermath of Kristallnacht. The Nazis destroyed Jewish owned businesses on "the night of broken glass."

  47. The Ghettos • Jews forced into close quarters • “Open” and “Closed” ghettos • Largest in Warsaw = 445,000 • “Transported for labor” • Famous “Warsaw Ghetto Uprising”

  48. An entrance gate with the words "ArbeitMachtFrei" ("Work Brings Freedom") at Dachau concentration camp.

  49. Denise Holstein shows the identification tattoo that she received as a prisoner in the Auschwitz concentration camp.

  50. Concentration/Extermination • Beginning = political • Given tiny rations • Doctors conduct “experiments” • Extermination is solely for killing • Auschwitz is the largest camps • Gas chambers • T-4 Program