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World War II

World War II

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World War II

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  1. World War II The war that changed the world

  2. The Road to World War II • Treaty of Versailles ended World War I • It was not based on Wilson’s Fourteen Points and enraged some countries • Germany (War Guilt Clause and Reparations) • Italy (Didn’t get the land they wanted) • Japan (Didn’t get all of the land they wanted) • Soviet Union (Left out of the talks)

  3. Dictators Gain Power Benito Mussolini Joseph Stalin Adolf Hitler The world wide Depression of the 1930s made it easier for dictators to gain control in many European Countries. There was an increase in militarism during this time period.

  4. Acts of Aggression • Japan Invades Manchuria and Chinese Cities • League of Nations threatens but takes NO action • Japan withdraws from the League of Nations http://www-tc.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/pacific/maps/images/maps_01_03.jpg

  5. Italy Invades Africa • Italy invades Ethiopia • Ethiopian King appeals to League of Nations • League of Nations will not sell war supplies or goods to Italy http://history.sandiego.edu/cdr2/WW2Pics/00155.jpg

  6. German Aggression Begins • Nazi Party Comes to power • Anti - Semitic feelings spread • Re armament • Hitler/Stalin sign Non-Aggression Pact • Hitler comes to power and follows “Mein Kampf” - his goals for Germany http://img.timeinc.net/time/photoessays/2008/adolf_hitler/adolf_hitler_04.jpg

  7. German Aggression • Germany invades Rhineland • Germany annexes Austria • Takes over part of Czechoslovakia • League does nothing to stop them. http://library.thinkquest.org/CR0212881/solpara.jpg

  8. Policy of Appeasement • At the Munich Conferences Great Britain and France adopt the policy of Appeasement • Appeasement: Giving into the competitor in order to keep peace • Germany is allowed to keep the land taken over - BUT can’t take anymore

  9. Appeasement, What? • After the Munich Conference - Germany continues to invade • Germany took over the rest of Czechoslovakia • Germany invades Poland (September 1, 1939) http://www.history.ucsb.edu/faculty/marcuse/classes/133b/07Projects/pix/RagsdaleMunichDiplomats.jpg

  10. The War Begins • After Hitler invades Poland France and Great Britain declare war on Germany http://www.ushmm.org/museum/exhibit/online/olympics/images/e40-1z.jpg

  11. United States Neutrality • Neutrality Acts declared the US would stay out of war • Americans were fearful of getting involved in another European conflict • Started Cash and Carry policy http://plasma.nationalgeographic.com/pearlharbor/ngbeyond/images/people_fdr.jpg

  12. The Fall of France • The Germans invaded France in 1940 • Months later all of France had fallen to the Nazis • Charles de Gualle escaped to Great Britain to strategize how to get France back http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/images/francesurrenders4.jpg

  13. Battle of Britain • Germans set out a Blitzkrieg operation in France. • The bombing of Britain lasted for months • British never surrendered http://www.worldwar2today.com/images/theblitz.jpg

  14. FDR’s Garden Hose • “If your neighbor’s house is on fire you would let him borrow your garden hose” • FDR started the “Lend Lease Program” - Loaned war materials to the Allies http://www.ilovedrseuss.com/images/us-lend-lease.jpg http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USA/ref/LL-AllForOne/img/LL-AllForOne-p5.jpg

  15. U.S. Moving Closer to War • Nazi victories in 1940 lead to increased U.S. defense spending • First peacetime draft enacted—Selective Training and Service Act: Draftees to serve for 1 year in Western Hemisphere only. • FDR, Churchill issue Atlantic Charter—joint declaration of war aims • Charter is basis of “A Declaration of the United Nations” or Allies

  16. Japanese Attack • The Japanese need oil from US, we refused to trade with them • December 7, 1941 the Japanese attacked the US at Pearl Harbor in the Pacific Ocean • 2,403 Americans killed; 1,178 wounded • Over 300 aircraft, 21 ships destroyed or damaged http://www.stargazette.com/blogs/genx/apbond/img/pearlharbor.jpg

  17. Bombing of Pearl Harbor http://photography.nationalgeographic.com/staticfiles/NGS/Shared/StaticFiles/Photography/Images/Content/pearl-harbor-100days-ga.jpg

  18. “A day which will live in infamy” http://www.historyofwar.org/Pictures/PearlHarbor04.jpg

  19. US Enters the War • December 8, 1941 US declares war on Japan • December 11, 1941 Germany declares war on the United States FDR’s Speech to Congress http://dase.laits.utexas.edu/media/american_politics_collection/viewitem/000117156_400.jpg

  20. The American Homefront • The United States government stirs patriotic feelings • Movies are used to build morale • Propaganda is used to keep war effort going • People rationed goods/supplies and started Victory Gardens http://www.ethicurean.com/wp-content/uploads/image/plant-victory-garden.jpg

  21. Continued War Effort http://z.about.com/d/politicalhumor/1/0/R/O/propaganda_quiet.jpg http://www.teacheroz.com/images/homes.gif

  22. http://bss.sfsu.edu/tygiel/Hist427/1940sphotos/posters/ridewithhitler.jpghttp://bss.sfsu.edu/tygiel/Hist427/1940sphotos/posters/ridewithhitler.jpg http://www.usmm.org/p/looselips.jpg

  23. Women Enter the Workforce http://www.rosietheriveterphotos.com/images/070705172615_Woman_Working_a_War_Job_LG.jpg http://www.edupics.com/en-coloring-pictures-pages-photo-rosie-the-riveter-p7219.jpg

  24. Women Enter the Military http://www.defenselink.mil/home/features/2005/veday/poster_gallery/images/WWII%20WAC5.jpg http://www.scripophily.com/webcart/vigs/wacposterstar.jpg

  25. On the home front • Many factories converted to make weapons • Nearly 18 million workers in war industries; 6 million are women • Over 2 million minorities hired; face strong discrimination at first • • A. Philip Randolph, head of Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters • • Organizes march on D.C.; FDR executive order forbids discrimination

  26. Ford Plant during WWII

  27. African Americans in the Military http://www.blackarchives.org/files/imagecache/collectionitem_large/files/collection/00000030.jpg

  28. Mexican Americans in the War Effort http://media3.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/photo/2007/09/21/PH2007092101945.jpg http://ofamerica.files.wordpress.com/2007/09/burns-war.jpg

  29. Navajo Code Talkers https://www.cia.gov/news-information/featured-story-archive/2008-featured-story-archive/navajo-code-talkers/navajo-code-talkers-1.jpg

  30. Japanese Americans • Many Japanese Americans served heroically for the US in World War II • The Nisei Regiment received high honors and awards of distinction for bravery http://arcweb.sos.state.or.us/exhibits/ww2/images/protection/442.jpg

  31. Japanese Americans Interned • Many Americans were distrusting of Japanese Americans • Thousands of Japanese Americans were forced into Internment Camps in the Midwest throughout WWII http://www.library.wwu.edu/ref/images/japanese-evacuation.jpg

  32. Internment Camp http://www.colorado.gov/dpa/doit/archives/wwcod/image8-2.gif

  33. http://peacecorpsonline.org/messages/imagefolder/japaneseinternment.jpghttp://peacecorpsonline.org/messages/imagefolder/japaneseinternment.jpg

  34. http://education.eastwestcenter.org/asiapacificed/ph2006/PH2006projects/7_clip_image001.jpghttp://education.eastwestcenter.org/asiapacificed/ph2006/PH2006projects/7_clip_image001.jpg

  35. Invasion of the Soviet Union • Hitler broke the non-aggression pact and invaded the Soviet Union • Germans wanted to obtain the Soviet oil fields quickly • The Germans were unsuccessful in the winter months http://germanhistorydocs.ghi-dc.org/images/highres_30018917%20copy.jpg

  36. Stalingrad • Germans tried to siege Russian city of Stalingrad • Russians pushed the Germans out of Stalingrad • Turning point on the Eastern Front http://www.battle-fleet.com/pw/his/stalingrad.htm

  37. Fall of Italy • Allies moved to Italy • Mussolini was overthrown and moved his government to Northern Italy • Allies freed Northern Italy • Mussolini was shot and killed by Italians http://www.army.dnd.ca/2PPCLI/images/Regimental-History/WWII_Ortona.JPG

  38. Death of Mussolini

  39. D - Day Invasion • June 6, 1944 Allies open operation to free France • Landed on the Beaches of Normandy under the command of Dwight D. Eisenhower • Heavy loss of life but successful in freeing France http://www.rnsubmus.co.uk/images/dday/02%20-%20D-Day%20map.gif

  40. Eisenhower Commands http://www.old-picture.com/defining-moments/pictures/Eisenhower-Paratroopers-D-Day.jpg

  41. Amphibious Landing http://www.historyplace.com/worldwar2/timeline/dday.htm

  42. Battle of the Bulge • Nazi’s last offensive attack • Attacked area between France and Germany • US soldiers attacked from the rear and defeated the Germans http://www.durand.k12.wi.us/hs/history/BattleBulge/bulgemap.jpg

  43. FDR Dies in OfficeApril 1945 http://mitchellarchives.com/wp-content/uploads/2008/10/fdr-dies-ff.jpg

  44. Victory in Europe Day • Soviet army surrounded Berlin • Nazis surrendered to Eisenhower • May 7, 1945: V-E Day • Hitler refuses to surrender and commits suicide http://img178.imageshack.us/img178/5016/06kiss2spanbf5e4bcb6.png

  45. http://shop.wisconsinhistory.org/productcart/pc/catalog/newsnazis_detail.jpghttp://shop.wisconsinhistory.org/productcart/pc/catalog/newsnazis_detail.jpg http://www.solarnavigator.net/history/explorers_history/Adolf_Hitler_Stars_and_Stripes_Fuehrer_Dead.jpg

  46. Hitler’s Final Solution • Holocaust • People effected: • Jews, Poles, Slavs, Gypsies, homosexuals, disabled, mentally ill • 11 million die, over half are Jews http://library.thinkquest.org/07aug/00841/HOLOCAUST/holocaust%20pics/holocaust_israel_survivors.jpg

  47. http://isurvived.org/Pictures_iSurvived-4/HOLOCAUST-2corpses.GIFhttp://isurvived.org/Pictures_iSurvived-4/HOLOCAUST-2corpses.GIF

  48. http://libcom.org/files/holocaust.jpg

  49. 1 million pairs of shoes

  50. War in the Pacific • In first 6 months after Pearl Harbor, Japan conquers empire • Gen. Douglas MacArthur leads Allied forces in Philippines • March 1942 U.S., Filipino troops trapped on Bataan Peninsula • FDR orders MacArthur to leave; thousands of troops remain (says he will return)