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HINDUISM PowerPoint Presentation

HINDUISM

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HINDUISM

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  1. HINDUISM BASIC BELIEFS

  2. Writings • Rig Veda: earliest and most revered • Series of 1,028 hymns • Written between 1500-1200 BC • Upanishads: (means “sitting near” master) • Written between 800-300 BC • Discusses reincarnation • Gives emphasis to spiritual development and reverence for all life • Bhagavad-Gita : poem between human, Prince Arjuna and Lord Krishna • Basically advice • Considered “Bible” of Hinduism

  3. HINDU IDEAS ABOUT GODS • SOMETHING ETERNAL WITH DIVINE HEART IN ALL CREATION • ALWAYS CHANGING • ONE DIETY BUT WITH INCARNATIONS AND PERSONIFICATION • MONOTHEISTIC AND POLYTHEISTIC

  4. THE TRIMUVERATE(TRINITY) BRAHMA VISHNU SHIVA

  5. BRAHMA • PERSONIFICATION OF ABSOLUTE • SUPREME GOD IN TRIAD • SEEN AS CREATOR • NOT WORSHIPPED BECAUSE HIS JOB IS ALREADY DONE • LASTS FOR 2,160,000,000 YEARS, FALLS TO RUIN AND BRAHMA RECREATES IT • NOT “GOD” BUT IN EVERYTHING

  6. VISHNU • PRESERVER • TRANSCENDENT LOVE • CONSTANT COMPASSION FOR WORLD • CLOSE TO WORLD AND INVOLVED IN ACTIVITIES • 10 INCARNATIONS

  7. SHIVA • CREATIVE AND DESTRUCTIVE FORCE • GOD OF DUALITY • WILL DESTROY WORLD AT END OF THIS KALPA • BRINGS DEATH • DESTROYS IGNORANCE • GOD OF FERTILITY • GOD OF YOGIS AND ASCETICS

  8. Philosophy of Hinduism • Karma: cause and effect where actions in past life affect current life • Deeds done in this life, effect others • inescapable • Yoga: discipline (work) that leads to eternal life • Janana Yoga: power of mind, meditation • Bhakti Yoga: devotional yoga, live with your Karma • Karma Yoga: service to others • Raja Yoga: comes all three above into one • Hatha Yoga: practice complete control over mind and body

  9. Caste System • Social hierarchy based on Karma • Can’t move between castes • Some reforms in modern world, but limited in scope due to tradition • Levels of System: • Brahmins: education elite (priests) • Kshatriyas: ruling/military class • Vaisyas: merchants and farmers • Sudras: peasantry • Untouchables: beneath all

  10. Basic Beliefs • Vedas are inspired teachings • Brahman is impersonal and personal, manifested in many forms • Physical world is temporary and conceals truth unless you are very wise • Karma brings accountability • Humans trapped in reincarnation cycle until attaining true realization • Many ways to reach absolute • Family important

  11. Way of Life • Samsara: humans in long cycle of repetitive incarnation • Moksha: liberation from Karma cycle • Asceticism: practices disciplines of the body, one way to release from Karma cycle • Every person has for aspirations: pleasure, development of wealth, righteousness, liberation of Karma cycle • Ahisma: absolute reverence for life