Origin/FounderHinduismis a collection of religious beliefs that developed over time. Unlike other religions, Hinduism can not be traced to one founder with a single set of ideas.
Basic BeliefsReincarantion – the process of an individual soul or spirit being born again
Basic BeliefsMoksha - Goal of a Hindu’s life- Released from reincarnation and united with Brahman
Basic BeliefsHenotheistic – all gods are part of Brahman (the supreme god)
Holy Books • Vedas- collection of hymns and prayers • Upanishadsare written as discussion between student and teacher. They explore how a person can get rid of desires and suffering and reach moksha.
Major god(s)- Brahman - Supreme God- Creates, maintains, destroys, and re-creates the universe (cycle)- Everything is a part of Brahman including atman, or the human soul
Other Gods- Believe all gods are all an aspect of Brahman - Vishnu - Shiva - Brahma
Important Traditions/CustomsKarma: - the total of good and bad actions - ones good/bad actions will affect their placement into their next life
Important Traditions/CustomsCaste System- reinforced through Karma and reincarnation- your caste would determine all aspects of life
Brahmins/ Priests Important Traditions/Customs Kshatriyas/ Rulers & Warriors Vaishyas/ Peasants & Traders Shudras/ Laborers Untouchables
Important Traditions/Customs Dharma - Holy duty or moral responsibility- “The right thing to do”
Important Traditions/Customs-Pilgrimage to the Ganges river to cleanse or purify them.
Crash Course • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8Nn5uqE3C9w&safety_mode=true&persist_safety_mode=1&safe=active • India: Vedas, caste system, dharma, reincarnation, buddhism, four noble truths, eightfold path, asoka
Origins Siddhartha Gautamais the founder of Buddhism (563-483 B.C.) Originated in India
Basic Beliefs Reincarnation was the cycle of rebirth until one reached nirvana Nirvana/Enlightenment - release from selfishness and pain
Holy Texts Four Noble Truths - explained what he discovered in his enlightenment, how to end suffering. Eightfold Path- how you achieve enlightenment
4 Noble Truths Everything in life is suffering. The cause of all suffering is people’s selfish desire for the temporary pleasures of this world. The way to end suffering is to end all desires The way to overcome such desires and attain enlightenment is to follow the Eightfold Path, which is called the Middle Way between desires and self-denial
Major Gods Rejects the idea of many gods Some sects believe that Buddha was a god
Important Traditions/Customs Sangha- religious community of Buddhist monks and nuns Rejected the Caste System Many followers were laborers and craftspeople.
Where is Buddhism today? Missionaries spread Buddhism throughout Asia (China, Japan, Korea) Was not widely accepted in India because of the rejection of the caste system
Yahweh Torah Moksha Caste System Solomon India Vedas Aryans Asia Ten Commandments Canaan Moses Covenants Nirvana Eightfold Path Abraham David Israel Polytheistic Brahman Monotheistic Karma Four Noble Truths Upanishads
Vedas Caste System Anatolia Trade City-states India Mediterranean Sea Minotaur Pottery Iron Weapons Peace treaty with Egypt Crete Labyrinth Phonetic Alphabet King Minos Chariots Purple Dye Pre-Greek