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Parts of Speech

Parts of Speech

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Parts of Speech

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  1. Parts of Speech Verb - Review A verb states action, being, or a condition. It also tells time.

  2. Action Verbs: Tell what the subject does, has done, or will do. Some tell what the subject has. • Physical (walked) • Mental (planned) • Transitive verb is an action verb that sends its action to another word. • The word that receives the action is the direct object of the verb. The direct object answers the question what? or whom? after the verb. It is usually a noun or pronoun. • Ms. Shields bought shoes. • Intransitive verb is an action verb that does not have a direct object. • Ms. Corder talks every day.

  3. Need a hint • Write two sentences. One with a transitive verb and one with an intransitive verb. • Share with a partner. Time for You to Practice

  4. On the blank line, fill in the verb. • Transitive: Remember a transitive verb has a direct object. He ___________ the car to the beach. • Intransitive: She _____________ through the test. Transitive and Intransitive help

  5. Linking Verbs: A linking verb, or being verb, tells what the subject is or feels. It links the subject with another word or group of words. Linking: appear become grow remain stay sound be feel look seem smell taste (be: am, was, are were, is) (have: have, had, had) (do: did, does) Action or linking? Some verbs can be used as action or linking verbs. If you can substitute a form of be for the verb, it is usually a linking verb. The shoes felt (were) comfortable. (linking verb) She felt (is) the blister. (doesn’t make sense - action verb)

  6. Need a hint Is it linking or action? • Her poem sounded melancholy. • Carol looked through her textbook. Linking verb Action verb Time for You to Practice

  7. If you can substitute a form of be for the verb, it is usually a linking verb. • Her poem sounded melancholy. • Think: Her poem is melancholy. (“Is” makes sense, therefore, “sounded” is a linking verb. • Carol looked through her textbook. • Think: Carol is through her textbook. (“Is” doesn’t make sense, therefore, “looked” is an action verb. Action/Linking Verb help

  8. Helping Verbs and Main Verbs • Verbs with more than one word are called verb phrases. Verb phrases have a main verb and one or more helping verbs. Helping Verb(s) + Main Verb = Verb Phrase can be found can be found have become have become must have snored must have snored

  9. Parts of Speech Verb - Principal Parts

  10. Principal Parts (or basic parts) • Present is the basic form of the verb • Present participle is formed with the verb plus -ing. It is used with the helping verb be. • Past is formed with the verb plus -ed. • Past participle is formed with the verb plus -ed. It is used with the helping verb have. • Regular verbs form the principal parts as described above. Irregular verbs form the principal parts in different ways. (Refer to a list or irregular verbs in your textbook.)

  11. jogged study (have) studied watch (am) watching (am) looking looked (have) swum swam write (am) writing wrote Fill in the Chart

  12. Read page- Writing and Grammar book, pp. 492- 498 • Extra practice- Grammar Exercise Workbook, pp. 113-114 Time for More Practice

  13. Parts of Speech Verb - Tenses

  14. What did you do last week? (List two items in chronological order.) • What are you doing now? (List one item you are doing.) • What do you plan to do next week? (List two items in chronological order.) Make a time line

  15. It shows when something happens. What is a “tense” of a verb?

  16. Verb Tenses- change form to show when something happens • Past: Last week I walked 1/8 of a mile. • Present: Now I walk 1/2 a mile. • Future: Next week I will walk a whole mile.

  17. Simple and perfect tenses: There are six tenses in the English, three simple tenses and three perfect tenses. • TENSE EXAMPLE HOW FORMED • Simple Tenses • Present Ty walks basic form of the verb • they walk • Past he walked verb + -ed • Future he will walk will + verb • Perfect Tenses • Present perfect he has walked have + past participle • they have walked • Past perfect he had walked had + past participle • Future perfect he will have walked will have + past participle

  18. Uses of tenses Present: Events in the present; repeated events. (I walk.) Past: Events completed in the past. (I walk yesterday.) Future: Events that will occur in the future. (I will walk tomorrow.) Present Perfect: Events that began in the past and may continue; events completed at an indefinite time in the past. (I have walk every day this week. He has left already.) Past Perfect: Past event that came before another past event. (I had walked a mile when we met him.) Future Perfect: Events that will occur before another event. (I will have walked one mile by noon.)

  19. Conjugation- shows all the forms of a verb. Singular Plural Present 1st person I walk we walk 2nd person you walk you walk 3rd person he, she, it walks they walk Past 1st person I walked we walked 2nd person you walked you walked 3rd person he, she, it walked they walked Future 1st person I will walk we will walk 2nd person you will walk you will walk 3rd person he, she, it will walk they will walk

  20. Singular Plural Present Perfect 1st person I have walked we have walked 2nd person you have walked you have walked 3rd person he, she, it have walked they have walked Past Perfect 1st person I had walked we had walked 2nd person you had walked you had walked 3rd person he, she, it had walked they had walked Future Perfect 1st person I will have walked we will have walked 2nd person you will have walk ed you will have walked 3rd person he, she, it will have walked they will have walked

  21. Read page- Writing and Grammar book, pp. 500-503 • Extra practice- Grammar Exercise Workbook, pp. 115-116 Time for More Practice