Parts of Speech By Kristopher Majak
Nouns • A noun is a person, place, thing or idea
Nouns • Proper nouns are specific. We capitalize proper nouns. • Carlos kicked the ball to Miguel. • Common nouns are not specific. We leave common nouns lower case unless they begin a sentence. • Carlos kicked the ball to Miguel.
Pronouns • A pronoun is a word that is used in place of one or more nouns or pronouns. • I, me, my, mine, we , us, our, ours, you, your, yours, he, him, his, she, her, hers, its, it, they, them, their, theirs, myself, ourselves, yourself, yourselves, himself, herself, itself, themselves, this, that, these, those, who, whom, which, what, whose, all, another, any, anybody, anyone, anything, both, each, either, everyone, everything, few, many, more, most, much, neither, nobody, no one, nothing, one, other, several, some, somebody, something, such • Gabe turned in his homework today. • The word that a pronoun replaces is called an antecedent. • Gabe turned in his homework today.
Adjectives • An adjective is a word that is used to describe a noun or a pronoun. • The warm, gooey, delicious pizza.
Articles • An article lets you know whether you are talking about something in particular or something in general. • A, an, the • *use an before a word starting with a vowel. • I bought an orange at the store. • We returned the movie to the store.
Adverbs • An adverb describes a verb, adjective, and adverb. • Adverbs normally end in “ly” • He sang beautifully. • The rain fell softly.
Verbs • A verb is a word used to express action or a state of being. • A verb phrase consists of at least one main verb and one or more helping verbs. • Helping verbs: can, could, do, did, does, had, has, have, may, shall, should, will, would. • The boy is leaving for Texas tomorrow. • She should not have borrowed that necklace.
Preposition • A preposition shows time and place. Without prepositions, you wouldn’t be able to show relationships between words. • Aboard, about, above, across, after, against, along, amid, among, around, as, at, before, behind, below, beneath, beside, besides, between, beyond, by, concerning, down, during, except, for, from, in, inside, into, like, near, of, off, on, onto, out, outside, over, past, since, through, throughout, till, to, toward, under, underneath, until, up, upon, with, within, without
Conjunctions • A conjunction is a word that joins words or groups of words. • For, and, nor, but, or, yet, so • Jim wrote down the number, but he lost it. • I do work at home and at school.
Interjections • An interjection is a word that expresses emotion. It has no relation to the rest of the sentence. • Ah, aha, oh boy, hey, hurrah, oh, whoops, ouch, whew, yikes, yippee
Practice • Read each of the sentences below. Then identify the part of speech of each word. • 1.We rode on the subway. • 2.The sun was up when we left the house. • 3. Ernesto lives a few miles up the coast.