Parts of speech Verb The Primary Auxiliaries
Auxiliaryverbs • are the verbs followed by another verb in order to form a question, a negative sentence, a compound tense or the passive. • are used together with a main verb to give grammatical information and therefore add extra meaning to a sentence. • theprimaryauxiliaryverbs are be, doand have. They are irregularverbs and can be alsoused as main verbs.
Negative sentence PresentSimple I readit. I do not/don’t readit. He readsit. He does not /doesn’treadit. Past Simple I phoned her. I did not/didn’tphone her. He phoned her. I did not/didn’tphone her.
Question PresentSimple Doyoureadit? (Doyoudo not/don’t readit?) Does he readit? (Does he does not /doesn’treadit?) Wheredoyou live? Past Simple Didhe phone her? Didn’thephone her? Whendidtheyarrive?
Answer Do youwork in the garden everyday? Yes, I do. ShespeaksEnglish, doesn’tshe? He left his homeearlierthan I did.
Emphasize Dositdown! Whydidn’tyou go there? But I didgo.
Have PresentPerfect He has just arrived. Haveyoueverbeen to London? Past Perfect Weweren’thungry. Wehad just had lunch.
Presentcontinuous Whatareyoudoingnow? Past continuous Whatwereyoudoingat 6 yesterday? Presentperfectcontinuous He has beenlearningEnglishsince 2004.
Literatura ALEXANDER, L. G. LongmanEnglishGrammar.1. vyd. London and New York: Longman, 1988. ISBN 0-582-55892-1. SVOBODA, A., KUČERA, K. English Parts of Speech. 1. vyd. Opava: SU v Opavě, 2005. ISBN 80-7248-199-1.
Tasks • Use auxiliarybe in at least twosentences. • Use auxiliarydo in atleasttwosentences. • Use auxiliaryhave in at least twosentences.