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Clauses. A Clause:. A group of words that contains a subject and a verb and is used as a complete sentence or part of a sentence. Independent Clause : Expresses a complete thought and can stand by itself. We also consider this to be a simple sentence .
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Clauses A Clause: A group of words that contains a subject and a verb and is used as a complete sentence or part of a sentence. Independent Clause: Expresses a complete thought and can stand by itself. We also consider this to be a simple sentence. Example:We are having pizza for dinner. Subordinate Clause:Does not express a complete thought and cannot stand alone as an independent sentence. If this type of clause begins a sentence, it is set off with a comma. Example: Once our practice is over.
Adjective Clauses Adjective Clause:a subordinate clause that describes a noun or pronoun. This type of clause cannot begin a sentence. Relative Pronouns:words that begin the adjective clause and relate to the noun or pronoun being described. The relative pronoun will always come directly before the clause. Commonly used relative pronouns that which who whom whose (where when) Noun RP Example:a flower (that) has blue petals Adjective clause
Adverb Clauses Adverb Clause: a subordinate clause that describes a verb, adjective, or an adverb. This type of clause may begin a sentence, be in the middle or end of the sentence. Subordinating words that begin the adverb clause. The conjunction Conjunctions: will always come before the clause. Commonly used subordinating conjunctions: after although as as if as long as as much as as soon as as though because before how if in order that since so that than though unless until when whenever where wherever while SC adverb clause Example: (Before) the sun had risen, we left for the cabin. The adverb clause is describing when we left.
Types of Sentences Simple : expresses one complete thought. It contains one independent clause. Example: Adam has to study for his exam in history. Compound: expresses two complete thoughts or related ideas. This type of sentences contains 2 independent clauses which are joined by a conjunction and a comma. A semicolon can also be used to separate the sentence. Common conjunctions: and, but, for, so, yet, or, nor Example: Adam has to study for his exam in history, and he must finish his science project.
Complex: contains one independent and at least one subordinate clause. Example:After Adam studies for his exam in history, he must finish his science project. The underlined part of the sentence is the subordinate clause. The rest is independent.